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Journal of Skin Cancer
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 917346, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/917346
Clinical Study

Epidemiological Profile of Patients with Cutaneous Melanoma in a Region of Southern Brazil

Universidade Comunitária da Região de Chapecó-Unochapecó, Avenida Senador Atílio Fontana, 591-E. Efapi, Caixa Postal 1141 89809-000, Chapecó, SC, Brazil

Received 21 September 2011; Revised 20 December 2011; Accepted 29 December 2011

Academic Editor: Mohammed Kashani-Sabet

Copyright © 2012 Marcelo Moreno et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is responsible for 75% of deaths from malignant skin cancer. The incidence of CM in the southern region of Brazil, particularly in the western region of Santa Catarina, is possibly higher than estimated. In this study, the clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with CM treated in the western region of Santa Catarina was examined. A cross-sectional study was performed with patients diagnosed with CM from January 2002 to December 2009, from 78 counties of the western region of the state of Santa Catarina. Data were collected using a protocol adapted from the Brazilian Melanoma Group and 503 patients were evaluated. The incidence and prevalence of CM found in this region are much higher than those found elsewhere in the country. This fact is most likely due to the phenotypic characteristics of the population and the high incidence of UV radiation in this region due to its location in southern Brazil, as is the case in the countries of Oceania.