Table 2: Concentration of 10 pharmaceutical compounds measured in water (μg/L) and sediment (μg/kg) samples collected from the Po river (from A to T), its effluents (from 1 to 36) and respective cationic exchange capability and organic carbon content. — = not analysed; n.d. = not detected, below limit of quantification.

Sampling siteCationicOCAtorvastatinRanitidinePropanololCarbamazepineAtenololMetoprololMetronidazoleParacetamolFurosemideNimesulide
exch. cap.sedim.watersedim.watersedim.watersedim.watersedim.watersedim.watersedim.watersedim.watersedim.watersedim.water
ng/g

12.962.88n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.004
218.3911.19n.d.n.d.61.1n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
37.741.22n.d.0.005n.d.n.d.n.d.2.32n.d.n.d.n.d.
48.456.08n.d.0.009n.d.n.d.0.065n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
510.023.17n.d.n.d.24.1n.d.n.d.2.7n.d.n.d.n.d.
611.21.23n.d.0.002109n.d.0.6662.36n.d.n.d.0.085
712.314.59n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.1.51n.d.n.d.n.d.
811.725.91n.d.0.00947.6n.d.n.d.98.4n.d.n.d.n.d.
913.891.75n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.297n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
1020.2914.1n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
117.752.63n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.061n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
1238.434.510.570.01212.0n.d.0.0550.559n.d.n.d.n.d.
1332.5428.4n.d.0.06312.7n.d.0.0484.53n.d.n.d.n.d.
148.751.75n.d.n.d.30.7n.d.0.244.56n.d.n.d.n.d.
1510.499.56n.d.n.d.n.d.0.112n.d.n.d.0.486n.d.0.15
1614.3512.80.2200.028n.d.n.d.0.0690.007n.d.n.d.0.33n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.627n.d.n.d.0.001
1739.5861.73n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.158n.d.0.0270.004n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.3970.605n.d.n.d.
1827.3125.24n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.176n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
199.41.41n.d.0.004n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
209.212.09n.d.0.044n.d.n.d.0.034n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
2122.459.541.210.02010.1n.d.0.5278.63n.d.n.d.n.d.
2216.4812.48n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.3.59n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
2344.5656.45n.d.0.115n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
24
2514.840.58n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.432n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
2613.354.920.7700.00523.6n.d.0.227n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
2720.2810.71.260.00316.3n.d.0.122n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
2821.3310.72n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.0042.93n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
2927.239.930.288n.d.n.d.n.d.0.242n.d.0.0400.112n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.486n.d.n.d.n.d.0.15
3034.0913.44n.d.0.128n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.048n.d.n.d.
3121.8310.1n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.094n.d.n.d.0.014n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.023n.d.0.0610.156n.d.n.d.n.d.
3234.7621.67n.d.0.0440.0280.044n.d.n.d.0.028n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.068n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.01
3328.1212.1n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.138n.d.n.d.n.d.0.156n.d.n.d.0.16n.d.n.d.n.d.0.571n.d.n.d.0.002
3435.9525.74n.d.0.016n.d.n.d.0.42n.d.n.d.0.004n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
3522.7614.2n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.144n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.09n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
3630.5922.5n.d.n.d.n.d.0.0350.165n.d.n.d.0.003n.d.0.425n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.508n.d.n.d.n.d.
A18.9614.55n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
B14.3111.50.9226.755.17n.d.
C1.1510.43n.d.0.012n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
D6.420.19n.d.0.007n.d.n.d.0.322n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
E16.830.970.860.007217.54n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
F11.775.62.92n.d.15.29n.d.0.10317.5n.d.n.d.n.d.
G35.3320.561.86n.d.283.54n.d.0.3738.66n.d.n.d.n.d.
H6.780.23n.d.n.d.0.99n.d.0.079n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
I8.373.840.160.035n.d.n.d.n.d.0.004n.d.n.d.0.24n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
L9.620.9750.215n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.001
M21.0711.68n.d.0.0080.0090.009n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.728n.d.n.d.n.d.
N18.99.61n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.42n.d.n.d.0.021n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.728n.d.n.d.n.d.
O28.2514.95n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.0670.018n.d.n.d.0.109n.d.n.d.n.d.0.013n.d.0.07n.d.n.d.n.d.0.002
P23.2120.88n.d.n.d.0.036n.d.n.d.n.d.0.041n.d.0.3040.256n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.706n.d.0.052n.d.
Q22.311.46n.d.n.d.0.0130.0130.155n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.23n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
R27.9915.94n.d.0.023n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.0580.013n.d.n.d.n.d.0.267n.d.n.d.0.041n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.
S30.1114.59n.d.0.023n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.027n.d.n.d.
T26.7128.880.3190.022n.d.n.d.0.058n.d.n.d.0.008n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.n.d.0.382n.d.0n.d.n.d.

Mean19.4612.720.0570.0150.0040.0050.1010.0010.2030.01217.50.0000.0320.0000.0310.0050.0000.1743.100.0130.0010.008
90° percentile34.6325.640.2200.0340.0130.0130.2420.0040.8510.02630.70.0000.0000.0000.1600.0120.0000.4274.560.0000.0000.002
Standard deviation10.4412.460.1090.0290.0100.0120.1290.0040.5500.02851.70.0000.1060.0000.0800.0150.0000.51213.80.0840.0070.031