Journal of Textiles http://www.hindawi.com The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation © 2014 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved. Effect of Fabric Layers on the Relationship between Fabric Constructional Parameters and Percentage Reflectance Values of Polyester Fabrics Thu, 16 Oct 2014 07:52:15 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/267530/ This paper focused on the assessment of the relation between constructional properties and percentage reflectance values of fabrics woven from polyester yarns through fabric layer numbers. Reflectance measurements were conducted on pretreated but undyed fabric samples at five different fabric layers. Twelve polyester fabrics having different constructional parameters were used and fabrics differed from each other by their weft yarn densities, weave patterns, and weft yarn filament fineness. Warp yarn properties (type, count, and density) were the same at all the fabrics. Percentage reflectance values of the fabrics changed according to yarn density, weave pattern, and filament fineness in accordance with fabric layer numbers during reflectance measurement. Percentage reflectance values gradually increased as fabric layer numbers increased. The highest reflectance values were obtained at 16 layers of fabric. The effects of single constructional parameters on reflectance values disappeared as fabric layer numbers increased. Percentage reflectance values were analyzed according to ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) and statistical results revealed the cross relations obtained. Light-trap phenomenon was discussed according to reflectance characteristics of woven fabrics. Mine Akgun, Behcet Becerir, and Halil Rifat Alpay Copyright © 2014 Mine Akgun et al. All rights reserved. Protocol for Quantification of Defects in Natural Fibres for Composites Wed, 27 Aug 2014 08:28:27 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/929875/ Natural bast-type plant fibres are attracting increasing interest for being used for structural composite applications where high quality fibres with good mechanical properties are required. A protocol for the quantification of defects in natural fibres is presented. The protocol is based on the experimental method of optical microscopy and the image analysis algorithms of the seeded region growing method and Otsu’s method. The use of the protocol is demonstrated by examining two types of differently processed flax fibres to give mean defect contents of 6.9 and 3.9%, a difference which is tested to be statistically significant. The protocol is evaluated with respect to the selection of image analysis algorithms, and Otsu’s method is found to be a more appropriate method than the alternative coefficient of variation method. The traditional way of defining defect size by area is compared to the definition of defect size by width, and it is shown that both definitions can be used to give unbiased findings for the comparison between fibre types. Finally, considerations are given with respect to true measures of defect content, number of determinations, and number of significant figures used for the descriptive statistics. Ulrich Andreas Mortensen and Bo Madsen Copyright © 2014 Ulrich Andreas Mortensen and Bo Madsen. All rights reserved. Dyeing of Silk with Anthocyanins Dyes Extract from Liriope platyphylla Fruits Wed, 20 Aug 2014 00:00:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/587497/ A new source of natural anthocyanins dyes, from Liriope platyphylla fruit, is proposed. This paper analyzes the dye extracts, the primary color components of the extracts, the color features of the extracts under different pH conditions, and their application in silk dyeing. The research shows that, nine anthocyanins are found in  L. platyphylla fruits by analyzing the results of the HPLC/DAD, MS, and MS/MS spectra. The five major anthocyanins related to delphinidin, petunidin, and malvidin derivatives take up 91.72% of total anthocyanin contents. The color of the solution is red under acidic condition (pH < 3.0) and stays in yellow under alkaline condition with pH values above 7.0. The dye extracts applied to silk fabric with mordant free dyeing show different color under different pH conditions, changing between purple, blue, green, and yellow. However, the dyed colors is light and the dyeing rate is low. Metal mordant such as Sn in chelation enhances the dye depth and improves the fastness of the dyed silk fabrics, especially in silk fabrics dyed by premordanting and metamordanting. Huayin Wang, Ping Li, and Wenlong Zhou Copyright © 2014 Huayin Wang et al. All rights reserved. Knitting Force Measurement on Flat Knitting Machines Tue, 05 Aug 2014 07:19:55 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/546472/ Knittability can be defined as the ability of yarns to run on knitting machines without problems. Knittability can be achieved when less stress is applied on the knitting machine parts by the knitting yarns. This paper presents a novel measuring system for the knitting force needed to perform knitting yarns on flat knitting machine based on data acquisition system (DAS). The proposed system is used to measure the knitting force at different machine settings and different properties of the knitting yarns to determine the optimal production conditions. For this reason, three types of knitted fabric structures (single jersey, Rib 1 × 1, and full cardigan) with three different loop lengths and five different twists of ply yarn were produced. The obtained results showed the optimal yarn ply twist factor which gave minimum knitting force (less stress on needles or knitting yarns) at different loop lengths for each structure. A. Fouda, A. El-Hadidy, and A. El-Deeb Copyright © 2014 A. Fouda et al. All rights reserved. Evaluation of Durability to Laundering of Triclosan and Chitosan on a Textile Substrate Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:42:18 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/812303/ In a hospital environment, textile substrates have been implicated as a vector in the transmission of disease. To mitigate the harmful spread of disease via textile substrates, an effective measure is treatment of textiles with antimicrobial agents. The current investigation compares one of the most widely used chemically synthesized antimicrobial agents, triclosan with chitosan, a naturally occurring antimicrobial agent. For the study, samples of a common polyester/cotton textile used in hospital settings were treated with triclosan and chitosan based antimicrobial agents. Following treatment, the samples were analyzed for their effectiveness against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli using standard AATCC Test Methods. The efficacy of the treatment to laundering was then evaluated by subjecting the treated samples to 50 washings and repeating the tests against the challenge microorganisms. Data obtained were statistically analyzed at a 95% confidence interval. Results showed that before laundering both triclosan and chitosan treated samples were extremely effective as antimicrobial agents. After laundering, chitosan was less effective against E.coli but maintained efficacy against S. aureus. The effectiveness of triclosan was not adversely affected after the laundering treatments. Anupama Sargur Ranganath and Ajoy K. Sarkar Copyright © 2014 Anupama Sargur Ranganath and Ajoy K. Sarkar. All rights reserved. The Integration of Technology and Management in the Competitiveness of the United States Short Staple Yarn Manufacturing Industry Mon, 09 Jun 2014 06:00:54 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/179387/ The purpose of this research was to investigate whether a balance of technology and management could be used in order to sustain a viable United States (US) short staple yarn production industry. The methodology used in this study consisted of primary research comprising two phases. The first phase consisted of interviews with industry executives in order to find out what US yarn manufacturers think are the important factors in maintaining a competitive yarn industry. The second phase was an online survey with industry customers in order to find out why weavers and knitters buy from US manufacturers. Results reveal that US manufacturers have competitive advantages over other countries because of skill level of workforce, variety of products offered, customer relationships, innovation and technology, and product quality. In order to keep these competitive advantages, “technology” and “management” strategies should be implemented. Results also reveal the areas in which the US yarn manufacturers should focus their resources in order to stay competitive or indeed survive. Suvalee T. Tangboonritruthai, William Oxenham, Nancy L. Cassill, and Erin D. Parrish Copyright © 2014 Suvalee T. Tangboonritruthai et al. All rights reserved. Bamboo Rayon-ZnO Nanoparticles Composite as Multifunctional Textile Materials Mon, 10 Mar 2014 14:03:00 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/785159/ In the current study, an acrylic acid grafted bamboo rayon fabric was utilized as a substrate to immobilize ZnO nanoparticles. The bamboo rayon-ZnO nanoparticles composite was prepared by the treatment of swollen grafted fabric with ZnCl2 followed by conversion of Zn2+ ions into ZnO nanoparticles. The modified product was characterized and then evaluated for antibacterial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria as well as durability of their antibacterial activity after washing. The product showed antibacterial activity against both types of bacteria which was found to be durable till 40 washes. The modified material also showed improved UV protection. The product can be claimed as semidurable multifunctional textile material. Javed Sheikh and M. D. Teli Copyright © 2014 Javed Sheikh and M. D. Teli. All rights reserved. Defect Detection Techniques for Airbag Production Sewing Stages Tue, 25 Feb 2014 09:26:16 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/738504/ Airbags are subjected to strict quality control in order to ensure passengers safety. The quality of fabric and sewing thread influences the final product and therefore, sewing defects must be early and accurately detected, in order to remove the item from production. Airbag seams assembly can take various forms, using linear and circle primitives, with threads of different colors and length densities, creating lockstitch or double threads chainstitch. The paper presents a framework for the automatic detection of defects occurring during the airbag sewing stage. Types of defects as skipped stitch, missed stitch, or superimposed seam for lockstitch and two threads chainstitch are detected and marked. Using image processing methods, the proposed framework follows the seams path and determines if a color pattern of the considered stitches is valid. Raluca Brad, Lavinia Barac, and Remus Brad Copyright © 2014 Raluca Brad et al. All rights reserved. Applied Biomimetics: A New Fresh Look of Textiles Tue, 25 Feb 2014 07:21:45 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/154184/ Biomimetics is a new research field that deals with extraction and imitation of functional principles of nature and applying them in engineering. Due to the perfection of structures and mechanisms found in the natural world, scientists came to the conclusion that these may constitute reliable sources of inspiration and viable solutions for technological problems they face today. Industrial applications have rapidly developed. Trying to synthesize all information about this extremely large field, with branches in biology, physics, chemistry, and engineering, soon I realised that an exhaustive study is merely a utopia. Despite all that, the beauty and perfection of “inspiration sources” which led to the fabrication of many biomimetic prototypes encouraged me to approach with thrill and enthusiasm this fascinating domain, not in general, but in a more specific field, the textile field. After a brief introduction to Biomimetics and a historical review of it, there are presented some of the most important biomimetic textiles innovations, among which I mention fibrous structures, multifunctional surfaces, thermal insulating materials, and structurally coloured materials. Mirela Teodorescu Copyright © 2014 Mirela Teodorescu. All rights reserved. Studies on Wicking Behaviour of Polyester Fabric Mon, 24 Feb 2014 09:33:30 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/379731/ This paper aims to investigate vertical wicking properties of polyester fabric based on change in sample direction and change in tension. Also experimental results are compared with theoretical results. Polyester fabric made out of spun yarn with four types of variation in pick density was used. Theoretical values of vertical wicking were calculated by using Lucas-Washburn equation and experimental results were recorded using strip test method. Maximum height reached experimentally in both warp way and weft way is more than that of the theoretical values. The maximum height attained by fabric experimentally in weft is more as compared to warp way. Vertical wicking increases with increase in tension. This paper is focused on wicking which plays a vital role in determining comfort and moisture transport behavior of fabric. Arobindo Chatterjee and Pratibha Singh Copyright © 2014 Arobindo Chatterjee and Pratibha Singh. All rights reserved. A Study on Coloring Properties of Rheum emodi on Jute Union Fabrics Tue, 11 Feb 2014 09:39:34 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/593782/ Jute-cotton and jute-wool union fabrics have been printed with colorant extracted from Rheum emodi with guar gum and albumin as thickening agents and aluminium sulphate, copper sulphate, and ferrous sulphate as mordants. Printing with Rheum emodi colorant with different mordants resulted in different shades ranging from yellowish brown, deep brown, reddish brown, and gray shades to olive black. The K/S value showed that mordants, namely, CuSO4 and FeSO4, exhibited high colour absorption regardless of the nature of material used. All the printed samples have good to excellent wash, rubbing and light fastness properties regardless of the nature of materials, mordants, and thickeners used. Guar gum is closely at par with albumin as a thickening agent and considering the cost and availability of raw material, guar gum is the better choice for the textile industry. Lopamudra Nayak Copyright © 2014 Lopamudra Nayak. All rights reserved. A Computer-Based System for Evaluation of Slub Yarn Characteristics Thu, 09 Jan 2014 11:40:59 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2014/784516/ This research aims to build a computer-based system for measuring slub yarn characteristics and evaluating the results using statistical methods. The measuring system was based on the electrical condenser of the Uster evenness tester as a measuring sensor. A digital storage oscilloscope was used to convert the analogue output signals into digital data to be recorded on a computer. A designed computer program was constructed using MatLab language for signal analysis based on a proposed method. Final results from this system contained graphical plots for the three measured slub yarn geometrical parameters slub length, slub distance, and slub thickness and a final report for all the measured slub yarn characteristics. The results of tested slub yarn samples showed that actual slub geometrical parameters differ from nominal values and the difference had two level: prevailing difference and outlier values. Outliers which are considered slub yarn defects were detected and counted in a final report using the box plot statistical method which could be an effective industrial tool for evaluation of both yarn quality and machine performance. The prevailing difference was assessed using histogram comparison which could help in adjusting the setting of slub yarn device to obtain the required appearance. R. Abd El-khalek, R. El-Bealy, and A. El-Deeb Copyright © 2014 R. Abd El-khalek et al. All rights reserved. Heat Generation by Polypyrrole Coated Glass Fabric Tue, 24 Sep 2013 17:11:18 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/571024/ Vapor deposition technique was employed to coat polypyrrole (PPy) on glass substrate using FeCl3 as oxidant and p-toluenesulfonic acid (−OTs) as doping agent. The Joule heating effect of PPy coated E-glass fabric was studied by supplying various DC electric fields. The coated fabric exhibited reasonable electrical stability, possessed medium electrical conductivity and was effective in heat generation. An increase in temperature of conductive fabric subjected to constant voltage was observed whereas decrease in power consumption was recorded. Thickness of PPy coating on glass fibers was analyzed by Laser confocal microscope and scanning electron microscope. A. M. Rehan Abbasi, J. Militky, and J. Gregr Copyright © 2013 A. M. Rehan Abbasi et al. All rights reserved. Exploratory Investigation of Chitosan as Mordant for Eco-Friendly Antibacterial Printing of Cotton with Natural Dyes Thu, 05 Sep 2013 18:45:55 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/320510/ Although a lot of antibacterial finishes are available for cotton, the user safety and durability of the finish are always the important issues. Some of the natural dyes are known to possess antibacterial properties; however, most of them are nonsubstantive. Hence, they are used in conjunction with eco-friendly natural mordants. Although metallic mordants are effective, they are environmentally pollutants, hence not desirable. In the current work, the novel natural mordant like chitosan with different concentrations (10% and 20% of weight of fiber) was applied on cotton and fabric was printed with natural dyes such as catechu, turmeric, and marigold using screen printing method. All the three dyes were used in powder form in print paste with different concentrations (1%, 5%, and 10%) and guar gum was used as thickener. The printed samples using chitosan as a mordant showed the equivalent color values to that of prints obtained using alum as a mordant. The printed fabric showed excellent antibacterial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The method may be considered suitable for eco-friendly printing and antibacterial finishing of textile materials. M. D. Teli, Javed Sheikh, and Pragati Shastrakar Copyright © 2013 M. D. Teli et al. All rights reserved. Effect of Some Fabric and Sewing Conditions on Apparel Seam Characteristics Tue, 11 Jun 2013 10:03:17 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/157034/ Many previous studies showed that seam appearance as well as performance depends on the interrelationship of fabrics, threads, and the stitch/seam selection and lastly on the sewing conditions, which include the needle size, needle thread tension, stitch density, and the appropriate operation and maintenance of the sewing machine. Present investigation elucidates the effect of blend composition, sewing thread size, and sewing needle parameters on garment seam characteristics (i.e., seam strength, seam strength efficiency, seam puckering, seam stiffness, and drape coefficient). The seam quality characterization is studied through the L9 orthogonal design methodology. In good quality apparels, compatibility of the seams with the functional requirement is very important for serviceability and life of the apparel. Reversibility as well as repairing of seams in the apparel is very limited in the condition of seam failure. Seam strength efficiency is higher for the uniform fiber matrix in the structure of fabrics. The polyester dominated suiting fabrics give minimum seam stiffness because polyester component has low flexural rigidity. The cotton dominated suiting fabrics have less seam puckering due to increase in fabric stiffness. A. K. Choudhary and Amit Goel Copyright © 2013 A. K. Choudhary and Amit Goel. All rights reserved. Dyeing Studies with Eucalyptus, Quercetin, Rutin, and Tannin: A Research on Effect of Ferrous Sulfate Mordant Thu, 02 May 2013 10:06:46 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/423842/ Natural dyes from Eucalyptus leaf extract, quercetin, rutin, and tannin were applied to silk fabric by pad-batch and pad-dry techniques under different conditions. Ferrous sulfate was used as a mordant. The dyeing properties were evaluated by measuring K/S and CIELAB values. In addition, the different fastness properties were evaluated. The effect of dyes at different concentration levels with respect to their colour strength was also studied. Rattanaphol Mongkholrattanasit, Charoon Klaichoi, Nattadon Rungruangkitkrai, Nattaya Punrattanasin, Kamolkan Sriharuksa, and Monthon Nakpathom Copyright © 2013 Rattanaphol Mongkholrattanasit et al. All rights reserved. Influence of Phase-Change Materials on Thermo-Physiological Comfort in Warm Environment Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:00:06 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/757319/ The purpose of this research work is to investigate the influence of phase-change materials (PCMs) on thermo-physiological comfort of different male business clothing systems evaluated in warm environment. The impact of particular business clothing on the thermo-physiological comfort of the wearer during different physical activity and environmental conditions (between 25°C and 10°C with step of 5°C), artificially created in a climate chamber, was determined experimentally, as a change of three physiological parameters of a human being: mean skin temperature, heart rate, and the amount of evaporated and condensed sweat. A questionnaire and an assessment scale were also used before, during, and after each experiment in order to evaluate the wearer’s subjective feeling of comfort. The results of the performed research work show that male business clothing systems in combination with PCMs do not affect the thermal-physiological comfort of the wearer in warm environment significantly, except at an ambient temperature of 15°C, where clothing systems in combination with PCMs produce a small heating effect. Furthermore, it was concluded that clothing systems in combination with PCMs indicate a small temporary thermal effect that is reflected in a slight rising or lowering of mean skin temperature during activity changes. Damjana Celcar Copyright © 2013 Damjana Celcar. All rights reserved. Ultraviolet Protection by Fabric Engineering Wed, 03 Apr 2013 11:48:20 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/579129/ Background. The increasing emission of greenhouse gases has evoked the human being to save the ozone layer and minimize the risk of ultraviolet radiation (UVR). Various fabric structures have been explored to achieve desired ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) in various situations. Objective. In this study, the effect of various filament configurations like twisted, flat, intermingled, and textured in multifilament yarns on fabric in different combinations is assessed in order to engineer a fabric of better ultraviolet protection factor (UPF). Methods. In order to engineer a fabric having optimum UV protection with sufficient comfort level in multifilament woven fabrics, four different yarn configurations, intermingled, textured, twisted, and flat, were used to develop twelve different fabric samples. The most UV absorbing and most demanding fibre polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was considered in different filament configuration. Results. The combinations of intermingled warp with flat, intermingled, and textured weft provided excellent UVR protection comparatively at about 22.5 mg/cm2 fabric areal density. The presence of twisted yarn reduced the UV protection due to enhanced openness in fabric structure. Conclusion. The appropriate combination of warp and weft threads of different configuration should be selected judiciously in order to extract maximum UV protection and wear comfort attributes in multifilament woven PET fabrics. Mukesh Kumar Singh and Annika Singh Copyright © 2013 Mukesh Kumar Singh and Annika Singh. All rights reserved. Prediction of Color Properties of Cellulase-Treated 100% Cotton Denim Fabric Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:51:13 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/962751/ Artificial neural network (ANN) model was used for predicting colour properties of 100% cotton denim fabrics, including colour yield (in terms of K/S value) and CIE L*, a*, b*, C*, and h° values, under the influence of cellulase treatment with various combinations of cellulase processing parameters. Variables examined in the ANN model included treatment temperature, treatment time, pH, mechanical agitation, and fabric yarn twist level. The ANN model was compared with a linear regression model where the ANN model produced superior results in the prediction of colour properties of cellulase-treated 100% cotton denim fabrics. The relative importance of the examined factors influencing colour properties was also investigated. The analysis revealed that cellulase treatment processing parameters played an important role in affecting the colour properties of the treated 100% denim cotton fabrics. C. W. Kan, W. Y. Wong, L. J. Song, and M. C. Law Copyright © 2013 C. W. Kan et al. All rights reserved. Effect of Some Navels on Properties of Cotton/Nylon66 Blend (1 : 1) Rotor Spun Yarn and Wrapper Formation: A Comparison between Rotor and Ring Spun Yarn Wed, 13 Mar 2013 08:38:18 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/262635/ Use of nylon/cotton blend yarn in military uniform is common and due to advantages in its fabric in comparison to 100% cotton fabrics, capabilities of military uniforms have been improved. In this study the effects of navel type on properties of (50%-50%) nylon/cotton blend yarn and wrapper formation were investigated and compared with similar ring spun yarn. Rotor spun yarn was produced on a single head laboratory rotor spinning machine with four navels (smooth, spiral, 3 grooved, and 4 grooved) and ring yarn was produced on a zinser 319 ring spinning machine. Test result showed that navel type has a significant effect on yarn strength and strength of smooth navel yarn was maximum. Elongation of a 100% cotton rotor spun yarn is more than similar ring yarn, but it was not observed in cotton/nylon blend. Yarn irregularity and imperfections varied significantly with navel type and for rotor yarns were more than the ring yarn. Navel type had significant effect on yarn hairiness but it didnot have an effect on yarn abrasion significantly. Babak Yadollah Roudbari and Safdar Eskandarnejad Copyright © 2013 Babak Yadollah Roudbari and Safdar Eskandarnejad. All rights reserved. Moisture Transport for Reaction Enhancement in Fabrics Sun, 03 Mar 2013 15:15:41 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/216293/ The role of water in protective fabrics is critical to comfort and material performance. Excessive perspiration in clothing causes discomfort, and bound water can adversely affect the ability of carbon to adsorb chemicals. Yet the presence of water can also improve the moisture vapor transport of protective polymer films, and is essential for the hydrolytic destruction of nerve agents. Reported here are the findings of wicking and drying experiments conducted on various hydrophilic and hydrophobic cover fabrics that demonstrate the influence of wetting on permeation through fabrics. The influence of water content on reactive polymers capable of degrading nerve agent simulant is also discussed, and the importance of a novel “delivery system” for water to the reactive components through the use of a wicking fabric is introduced. Phillip Gibson, Heidi Schreuder-Gibson, Pearl Yip, Brendan Denker, Hamid Benaddi, Sa Wang, Lev Bromberg, and T. Alan Hatton Copyright © 2013 Phillip Gibson et al. All rights reserved. Zirconium Oxychloride as a Novel Mordant for Natural Dyeing of Wool Yarns Wed, 20 Feb 2013 08:59:41 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/565382/ Zirconium oxychloride, a well-known flame retardant, is introduced as a novel mordant for wool dyeing. This has been indicated by mordanting of wool yarns with zirconium oxychloride in different conditions and then dyeing with madder as a famous natural dye. The tenacity, color coordinates, washing, and light fastnesses of the dyed wool confirmed the positive influence of zirconium oxychloride as a useful mordant for wool dyeing with a low impact on the color coordinates. Further, an appropriate washing and light fastness were obtained for the zirconium-oxychloride-mordanted wool yarns. The central composite design (CCD) was used to design the experiments with four variables on the results of tensile strength. Statistical analysis confirmed the optimum conditions obtained through the experimental results. M. Forouharshad, M. Montazer, and B. Yadollah Roudbari Copyright © 2013 M. Forouharshad et al. All rights reserved. Colour Fading of Textile Fabric by Plasma Treatment Wed, 09 Jan 2013 09:27:06 +0000 http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jtex/2013/214706/ Colour fading of a reactive dye (C.I. Reactive Blue 19) dyed textile fabric was performed by atmospheric pressure plasma (APP) treatment with the use of plasma jet. Under the APP treatment condition of treatment time = 5 sec/mm; ignition power = 160 W; oxygen concentration = 1%; jet distance = 3 mm, significant colour-fading effect was achieved. For comparison purpose, the reactive dye dyed textile fabric was subjected to conventional enzymatic colour-fading process. Experimental results revealed that the APP-induced colour-fading effect was comparable with conventional enzymatic colour-fading process. H. F. Cheung, C. W. Kan, C. W. M. Yuen, J. Yip, and M. C. Law Copyright © 2013 H. F. Cheung et al. All rights reserved.