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Journal of Thyroid Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 815079, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/815079
Research Article

Proteomic Profiling of Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma

1Division of Diabetes, Metabolism and Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan
2Department of Oral Pathology and Diagnosis, School of Dentistry, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan
3Ban Thyroid Clinic, 2-11-16 Jiyugaoka, Megro-ku, Tokyo 152-0035, Japan
4Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8602, Japan
5Biosys Technologies, Inc., 2-13-18 Nakane, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-0031, Japan
6Comprehensive Research Center of Oral Cancer, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8555, Japan

Received 12 October 2011; Accepted 6 November 2011

Academic Editor: Fausto Bogazzi

Copyright © 2012 Yoshiyuki Ban et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common endocrine malignancy. We performed shotgun liquid chromatography (LC)/tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis on pooled protein extracts from patients with PTC and compared the results with those from normal thyroid tissue validated by real-time (RT) PCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC). We detected 524 types of protein in PTC and 432 in normal thyroid gland. Among these proteins, 145 were specific to PTC and 53 were specific to normal thyroid gland. We have also identified two important new markers, nephronectin (NPNT) and malectin (MLEC). Reproducibility was confirmed with several known markers, but the one of two new candidate markers such as MLEC did not show large variations in expression levels. Furthermore, IHC confirmed the overexpression of both those markers in PTCs compared with normal surrounding tissues. Our protein data suggest that NPNT and MLEC could be a characteristic marker for PTC.