Table 2: Coordination modes of organic ligands in ternary Cu(II) complexes.

LigandsCoordination mode of ligand LType of complexBiological activityReference

L: acetylacetoneL: phenanthroline594529.fig.0011[LCuL′]+Anticancer[70]
L: glycineL: phenanthroline594529.fig.0012[LCuL]+Anticancer[70]
L: o-iodohippuric acidL: phenanthroline594529.fig.0013[LCuL2]+Anticancer[71]
L: Schiff base of diethylenetriamineL: 2-amino-2-thiazoline594529.fig.0014LCuLCl2Anticancer, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory[72]
L: oxolinic acidL: phenanthroline594529.fig.0015LCuLClAntibacterial[73]
L: propyl-norfloxacinL: 2,2-bipyridineor phenanthroline594529.fig.0016LCuLClAntibacterial, DNA intercalator, anticancer, nuclease mimetic.[74, 75]
594529.fig.0017
L: sparfloxacinL: 2,2-bipyridine594529.fig.0018LCuLClAntibacterial, DNA intercalator, anticancer.[76]
594529.fig.0019
L: pefloxacinL’: 2,2-bipyridyl-amineR = C2H5-, X= H, Y= H, 594529.fig.0020LCuLClAntibacterial, DNA intercalator, SOD mimetic.[55]
L: gatifloxacinL: phenanthroline or 2,2-bipyridylamine594529.fig.0021LCuLClAntibacterial, DNA intercalator, SOD mimetic[55]
L: N,N-bis(4-methylphenyl) sulfonyl ethylenediamineL: phenanthroline594529.fig.0022LCuL2Nuclease mimetic[77]