Table 3: Changes in inflammatory markers pre and post exercise training in elderly women ( 𝑛 = 2 1 ).

Pre Post
mean ± SDmean ± SD

CRP (ng mL−1)2.44 ± 3.221.46 ± 2.22*
SAA (μg mL−1)54.2 ± 39.734.9 ± 35.1*
HSP70 (ng mL−1)3.3 ± 2.12.2 ± 1.7**
IL-6 (pg mL−1)1.80 ± 2.181.95 ± 2.57
TNF-α (pg mL−1)0.91 ± 0.651.04 ± 0.79
MCP-1 (pg mL−1)196 ± 76198 ± 61
IGF-1 (ng mL−1)213 ± 80144 ± 46**
VEGF (pg mL−1)33 ± 734 ± 8

*Significant differences between Pre and Post values. 𝑃 < . 0 5 Wilcoxon was used as the statistical analysis.
**Significant differences between Pre and Post values. 𝑃 < . 0 1 Wilcoxon was used as the statistical analysis.
CRP: C-reactive protein, SAA: serum amyloid A, HSP: heat shock protein, IL-6: interleukin-6, TNF: tumor necrosis factor, MCP: monocyte chemotactic protein, IGF: insulin like growth factor, and VEGF: vascular endothelial growth factor.