Table 1: Summary of patient characteristics.

Patient characteristicsConventional SILS  ( )

M : F2.75 : 1
Age (years)46 years (24–96)
BMI (kg/m2)30.596 kg/m2 (19.5–41)
Operative time (min)104 min (35–215)
Blood loss (g)20 ± 15 mL
Postoperative hospital stay (days)2 ± 1 days
Wound complicationsNil
Other complicationsBiliary leak from duct of Luschka

M: male, F: female, SILS: single-incision laparoscopic surgery, BMI: body mass index.