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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 324818, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/324818
Research Article

Specific Differential Equations for Generating Pulse Sequences

Department of Physics, Politechnica University, 313 Spl. Independentei, 060042 Bucharest, Romania

Received 17 September 2009; Accepted 6 October 2009

Academic Editor: Ming Li

Copyright © 2010 Ghiocel Toma. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study presents nonlinear differential equations capable to generate continuous functions similar to pulse sequences. First are studied some basic properties of second-order differential equations with time-dependent coefficients generating bounded oscillating functions 𝐹 similar to test-functions (the function 𝐹 and its derivative 𝐹 being equal to zero at the same time moments). The necessary intercorrelations between the phase of generated oscillations and the time-dependent coefficients is presented, being shown also that the external command function should be set to a constant value at these time moments so as to determine the amplitude and the sign of generated oscillations. Then some possibilities of using previous differential equation for generating positive-definite functions with null values for the function and its derivative at the same time moments and with constant slope for its amplitude are presented, being shown that the corresponding external command function should present also alternating components. Finally all previous results are used for determining a set of second-order differential equations with time dependent coefficients and a set of external command and corrective functions for generating a pulse sequence useful for modelling time series.