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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 298685, 28 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/298685
Research Article

Research on Performance of H2 Rich Blowout Limit in Bluff-Body Burner

1College of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
2Department of Power and Energy, China Ship Development and Design Center, Wuhan 430064, China

Received 19 September 2012; Revised 24 October 2012; Accepted 24 October 2012

Academic Editor: Zhijun Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Hongtao Zheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In order to investigate H2 rich blowout limit at different blockage ratios and flow velocities, a CFD software FLUENT was used to simulate H2 burning flow field in bluff-body burner, and the software CHEMKIN was adopted to analyze the sensitivity of each elementary reaction. Composition Probability Density Function (C-PDF) model was adopted to simulate H2 combustion field in turbulence flame. The numerical results show that reactions R2 and R9 possess the largest positive and negative temperature sensitivity. Temperature has a very important influence on these two reactions. When equivalence ratio is 1, the mixture is most ignitable, and the critical ignition temperature is 1550 K. There should be an optimal blockage ratio which can stabilize the flame best. When the blockage ratio remains unchanged, the relationship between H2 RBL and flow velocity is a logarithmic function. When the flow velocity remains unchanged, the relationship between H2 RBL and blockage ratio is a parabolic function. A complete extinction requires three phases: the temperature sudden decline in the main stream, the energy dissipation from the recirculation zone to the main stream, and the complete extinction of the flame.