Table 1: Material properties.

MaterialYoung’s modulus (MPa)Poisson’s ratioDensity (kg/m3)

Structural parts
Concrete300000.202400
Masonry82000.201800
Pillar infilling200000.202400
Abutment82000.202200

Nonstructural parts
Infilling1000.201800
Ballast1000.202000
Masonry8200.201800

Interface