Table 3: Upper and lower bounds of the design variables.

Design variablesMinimumInitialMaximum

1, Ps3 [ ]0.7330.7330.808
2, Ps4 [ ]0.2240.3990.494
3, Ph3 [ ]0.2750.4000.525
4, Ph4 [ ]0.5040.6290.679
5, Pt3 [angle]−40.0−30.022−5.0
6, Pt5 [angle]15.046.94970.0
7, Pb3 [angle]−50.0−39.754−28.0
8, Pb6 [angle]−50.080.40990.0