- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 780740, 17 pages
Delay-Dependent Fuzzy Hyperbolic Model Based on Data-Driven Guaranteed Cost Control for a Class of Nonlinear Continuous-Time Systems with Uncertainties
1School of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110819, China
2Liaoning Electric Power Co., Ltd., Shenyang, Liaoning 110819, China
Received 30 August 2012; Accepted 23 November 2012
Academic Editor: Bin Jiang
Copyright © 2012 Gang Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This paper develops the fuzzy hyperbolic model with time-varying delays guaranteed cost controller design via state-feedback for a class of nonlinear continuous-time systems with parameter uncertainties. A nonlinear quadratic cost function is developed as a performance measurement of the closed-loop fuzzy system based on fuzzy hyperbolic model with time-varying delays. Some sufficient conditions for the existence of such a fuzzy hyperbolic model based on data-driven guaranteed cost controller via state feedback are presented by a set of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). A simulation example is provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
Since time delays are frequently encountered in various areas such as engineering systems, biology, and economics, and the existence of time delays is often the main cause of instability and poor performance of a control system, considerable attention has been paid to the problem of stability analysis and controller synthesis for time-delay systems [1, 2].
Recently, the problem of designing guaranteed cost controllers for uncertain time-delay systems has attracted a number of researchers’ attention [3–6]. Guaranteed cost control (GCC) for time-delay systems can also be categorized into delay-independent methods and delay-dependent methods. The recent research trend has been focus on delay-dependent methods. In , delay-dependent GCC was first proposed by utilizing model transformation. It was first illustrated that delay-dependent GCC can provide even less guaranteed cost than the delay-independent GCC methods. Reference  considered both state delays and input delays, and formulated the optimal guaranteed cost control problem which minimizes the upper bound of the closed-loop cost function. Reference  extend the delay-dependent method into the stabilization for time-delay T-S fuzzy systems, delay-dependent GCC problem for nonlinear systems with time-delays represented by the Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy mode was studied.
A novel continuous-time fuzzy model, called fuzzy hyperbolic model with time-varying delays (DFHM), has been proposed in . Fuzzy Hyperbolic Model is essentially a data-driven model. The DFHM based on data-driven has its own distinguishing characteristics. Firstly, neither structure identification nor completeness design of premise variables space is required when the DFHM is used to approximate the nonlinear systems, therefore the computational effort of modeling the DFHM is lower than modeling the T-S models. Secondly, less computational effort is required when DFHM is used since only one LMI needs to be solved. Thirdly, the DFHM based on data-driven we designed is naturally fuzzy nonlinear saturated controller, which is suitable for applying to practical systems. Last but not least, DFHM is a new kind of fuzzy neural networks, whose nodes have clear physical meanings. Therefore, the advantages of the DFHM based on data-driven are more obvious.
In this paper, delay-dependent fuzzy guaranteed cost controller via state feedback design based on DFHM, called delay-dependent fuzzy hyperbolic model based on data-driven guaranteed cost controller (DD-DFHMGCC), is addressed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time to study the guaranteed cost controller problem of DFHM. By using the LMI technique, the DD-DFHMGCC design problem is converted into a feasible problem of LMI, which makes the prescribed attenuation level as small as possible, subject to some LMI constraints. A simulation example is finally presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed design procedures.
2. System Description and Preliminaries
The DFHM modeling method for nonlinear systems was given in . The following definition is addressed.
Definition 2.1. Given a plant with state variables , we call the fuzzy rule base a hyperbolic type fuzzy rule base (HFRB) if it satisfies the following conditions.(1) For each output variable , , the th fuzzy rule has the following form: . If is and is and … is … and is and is and … is , then where is the fuzzy set of , which include (positive) and (negative), respectively, is a constant term, represents the number of transmission delays associated with , is the time-varying transmission delay with , , .(2) The state variables in the If-part are optional, the same as the constant terms in the Then-part. That is the constant term in the Then-part is corresponding to in the If-part.(3) There are fuzzy rules in every , that is, all the possible and combinations of input variables in the “If” part and all the linear combinations of constants in the “Then” part (not including ). So there are total fuzzy rules in the rule base.(4) For every , we construct the same premise fuzzy subsets, but the conclusion parameters are different.
Lemma 2.2. Given HFRBs, if the membership functions of and are defined as
where , . is a positive constant. Then the system can be derived as
where is a constant vector, and are constant matrix, (3) is called a fuzzy hyperbolic model with time-varying delays (DFHM).
From Definition 2.1, if we set and negative to each other, we can obtain a homogeneous DFHM:
Since the difference between (2.3) and (2.4) is only the constant vector term in (2.3), there is essentially no difference between the control of (2.3) and (2.4). In this paper, we will design a fuzzy guaranteed cost controller based on DFHM described in (2.4).
3. Fuzzy Hyperbolic with Time-Varying Delays Guaranteed Cost Control Design via State-Feedback
The DFHM for the nonlinear time-delay systems with parameter uncertainty is proposed as the following form: where and denote the state vector and input vector, respectively; , and , are known real constant matrices; is the bounded time-varying delay and is assumed to satisfy and , where and are known constant scalars, , . The initial condition is given by initial vector function, which is continuous for ; , and are time-varying parameter uncertainty matrices and satisfy the condition where and are known real constant matrices of appropriate dimension, and is an unknown matrix function satisfying ( is an identity matrix with appropriate dimension). Such parametric uncertainties are said to be admissible.
Definition 3.1. Consider system (3.1) with the following cost function:
where and are symmetric, positive-definite matrices; is the feedback gain. The controller is called fuzzy hyperbolic model with time-varying delays guaranteed cost controller (DFHMGCC) if there exist a fuzzy hyperbolic control as in (3.4) and a scalar such that the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable and the closed-loop value of the cost function (3.3) satisfies . is said to be a guaranteed cost and control law is said to be a fuzzy hyperbolic with time-varying delays guaranteed cost control law for system (3.1).
With the control law (3.4) the overall closed-loop system can be written as:
For convenience, let .
Lemma 3.2 (see ). Given appropriate dimension matrices , , and satisfying , for any real scalar , the following result holds:
Lemma 3.3 (see ). For any constant positive definite matrix , a scalar , a function , and the vector function such that the integrations in the following are well defined, then
Lemma 3.4 (see ). For any vector , , and diagonal positive definite matrix , the following result holds:
Then, we have the following results.
Theorem 3.5. Given scalars and , for the nonlinear system (3.1) and associated cost function (3.3), if there exist positive scalars , a positive definite diagonal matrix , matrices and such that the matrix inequality holds, then, the control law, is a fuzzy hyperbolic with time-varying delays guaranteed cost control law and where for any time-varying delay satisfying and , , and denotes the entries induced by symmetry.
Proof. A Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional candidate for the time-varying delay system (3.5) is chosen as follows:
and scalars , matrices (), is diagonal positive definite matrix, and () are defined in (2.2).
Taking the derivative of with respect to along the trajectory of (3.5) yields where
According to and Lemma 3.3, we have
From (3.17), (3.18), and Lemma 3.4, we have
From Lemma 3.2 and (3.2), we have
So, we have where Let . Then .
Thus, the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable. Furthermore, integrating from 0 to yields
Since and , which is a nonnegative constant. When , (3.23) becomes By Schur complement, can be rewritten as the following form: where
Comparing inequality (3.25) with Lemma 3.2, we can obtain where
Thus, the necessary and sufficient condition for inequality (3.25) to hold is that there exists a positive constant and such that where
By Schur complement, (3.29) is equivalent to where Pre- and post-multiplying to (3.31), and letting , , and , (3.9) can be obtained by Schur complement. When LMI (3.9) is feasible, the guaranteed cost controller designed ensures the closed-loop system to be asymptotically stable and an upper bound of the closed-loop cost function given by
The proof is completed.
Theorem 3.6. Consider the nonlinear system (3.1) and its associated cost function (3.3). If the optimization problem
denotes the trace of the matrix , , then, the corresponding guaranteed cost control law, is an optimal guaranteed cost control. Under this control law the closed-loop cost function (3.2) is minimized.
Proof. By Theorem 3.6, the control law constructed in terms of any feasible solution of (3.9) is a guaranteed cost control law. According to Schur complement, the condition (2)) is equivalent to .
Since , we have
So it follows that
Therefore, the guaranteed cost controller subject to (3.34) is an optimal guaranteed cost control. Under this controller the closed-loop cost function (3.3) is minimized.
This completes the proof.
In the following, we will give an example to demonstrate the effectiveness of the obtained results.
Example 4.1. We apply the above analysis technique to a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) in which the first-order irreversible exothermic reaction occurs [11, 12]. The material and energy balance equations are where denotes the parameter uncertainty of original nonlinear systems. Constants , and are all positive. Here, the model parameters are given as
Suppose that we have the following hyperbolic type fuzzy rule bases: If is , is , is , is , then ; … If is , is , is , is , then ; If is , is , is , is , then ; … If is , is , is , is , then .
Here we choose membership functions of and () as (2.2).
Then, we have the following model: where , , ,
Other parameters are given as follows: Consider the modeling errors, we assume , , , . Solve the LMI problem in (3.34). We obtain and corresponding . Figure 1 depicts the behavior of the closed-loop system based on the DFHM for the initial conditions . Figure 2 shows that the control input . Simulation result demonstrates the effectiveness of the fuzzy hyperbolic with time-varying delays guaranteed control approach.
In this paper, the delay-dependent fuzzy hyperbolic guaranteed cost control for nonlinear uncertain systems with time delay using DFHM has been considered. The design problem of DD-DFHMGCC is converted into linear matrix inequalities. The controller designed achieves closed-loop asymptotic stability and provides an upper bound on the closed-loop value of cost function. Simulation example is provided to illustrate the design procedure of the proposed method.
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61104021), the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (2012AA040104), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (N100304007).
- Y. Su, B. Chen, C. Lin, and H. Zhang, “A new fuzzy filter design for nonlinear continuous-time dynamic systems with time-varying delays,” Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 160, no. 24, pp. 3539–3549, 2009.
- Z. Liu, H. Zhang, and Q. Zhang, “Novel stability analysis for recurrent neural networks with multiple delays via line integral-type L-K functional,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1710–1718, 2010.
- Y. S. Lee, Y. S. Moon, and W. H. Kwon, “Delay-dependent guaranteed cost control for uncertain state-delayed systems,” in Proceedings of the American Control Conference, pp. 3376–3381, June 2001.
- L. Yu and F. Gao, “Optimal guaranteed cost control of discrete-time uncertain systems with both state and input delays,” Journal of the Franklin Institute, vol. 338, no. 1, pp. 101–110, 2001.
- X. P. Guan and C. L. Chen, “Delay-dependent guaranteed cost control for T-S fuzzy systems with time delays,” IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 236–249, 2004.
- S. C. Tong, X. L. He, and H. G. Zhang, “A combined backstepping and small-gain approach to robust adaptive fuzzy output feedback control,” IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1059–1069, 2009.
- G. Wang, H. Zhang, B. Chen, and S. Tong, “Fuzzy hyperbolic neural network with time-varying delays,” Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 161, no. 19, pp. 2533–2551, 2010.
- Y. Y. Wang, L. Xie, and C. E. de Souza, “Robust control of a class of uncertain nonlinear systems,” Systems & Control Letters, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 139–149, 1992.
- B. Chen, X. Liu, C. Lin, and K. Liu, “Robust control of Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy systems with state and input time delays,” Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 160, no. 4, pp. 403–422, 2009.
- Z. Huaguang, L. Cai, and Z. Bien, “A fuzzy basis function vector-based multivariable adaptive controller for nonlinear systems,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics B, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 210–217, 2000.
- B. Lehman and E. Verriest, “Stability of a continuous stirred reactor with delay in the recycle stream,” in Proceedings of the 30th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, pp. 1875–1876, December 1991.
- Y. Y. Cao and P. M. Frank, “Analysis and synthesis of nonlinear time-delay systems via fuzzy control approach,” IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 200–211, 2000.
- H. Zhang and D. Liu, Fuzzy Modeling and Fuzzy Control, Birkhäuser, Boston, Mass, USA, 2006.
- Z. Huaguang and Q. Yongving, “Modeling, identification, and control of a class of nonlinear systems,” IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 349–354, 2001.