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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 836597, 27 pages
Research Article

Improved Quantum-Inspired Evolutionary Algorithm for Engineering Design Optimization

1Department of Computer Science, National Pingtung University of Education, 4-18 Min-Sheng Road, Pingtung 900, Taiwan
2Institute of System Information and Control, National Kaohsiung First University of Science and Technology, 1 University Road, Yenchao, Kaohsiung 824, Taiwan
3Department of Electrical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, 415 Chien-Kung Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
4Department of Healthcare Administration and Medical Informatics, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Shi-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan

Received 31 August 2012; Revised 26 October 2012; Accepted 31 October 2012

Academic Editor: Jung-Fa Tsai

Copyright © 2012 Jinn-Tsong Tsai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An improved quantum-inspired evolutionary algorithm is proposed for solving mixed discrete-continuous nonlinear problems in engineering design. The proposed Latin square quantum-inspired evolutionary algorithm (LSQEA) combines Latin squares and quantum-inspired genetic algorithm (QGA). The novel contribution of the proposed LSQEA is the use of a QGA to explore the optimal feasible region in macrospace and the use of a systematic reasoning mechanism of the Latin square to exploit the better solution in microspace. By combining the advantages of exploration and exploitation, the LSQEA provides higher computational efficiency and robustness compared to QGA and real-coded GA when solving global numerical optimization problems with continuous variables. Additionally, the proposed LSQEA approach effectively solves mixed discrete-continuous nonlinear design optimization problems in which the design variables are integers, discrete values, and continuous values. The computational experiments show that the proposed LSQEA approach obtains better results compared to existing methods reported in the literature.