Table 3: The optimal parameter settings obtained using the proposed RGA-PSO algorithm for solving 14 UGO problems.

TP numberFunction name

1SHCB0.364977981.799728902.36717639
2GP0.861382643.749647140.10000000
3ES0.360386530.420438044.78367612
4B20.754861330.178754920.95144705
5DJ0.393571433.178982424.72512283
6Booth0.567034004.847408982.58109482
7RC0.441539382.717480763.81076900
8RA0.935338290.765306193.53402840
9RS20.870037761.285779552.77423057
10RS50.625536660.100000005.00000000
11SH0.459031591.074526314.15038556
12ZA20.750440690.508831331.93860581
13ZA50.520138631.054710114.61197390
14ZA100.561265160.394566054.95735921