Table 5: The optimal parameter settings obtained using the proposed AIA-PSO algorithm for solving 14 UGO problems.

TP numberFunction name

1SHCB0.594032391.759605604.12826475
2GP0.295841472.624689184.41787729
3ES0.395003230.845894842.64979988
4B20.648067101.787276771.83995777
5DJ0.456303411.118295884.10382418
6Booth0.608894492.531580381.32827344
7RC1.000000001.487720850.43921335
8RA0.381573024.932489424.08732827
9RS20.398725044.659923044.84228028
10RS50.555192880.100000004.52483714
11SH0.542932312.105451534.52889414
12ZA20.445308111.054749213.20092987
13ZA50.516837601.171292054.94965004
14ZA100.536886590.537528834.99881022