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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 464038, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/464038
Research Article

Route Choice Model Considering Generalized Travel Cost Based on Game Theory

1School of Automobile Engineering, Heilongjiang Institute of Technology, Harbin 150050, China
2School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
3School of Automobile Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai 264209, China

Received 31 October 2012; Accepted 3 January 2013

Academic Editor: Matjaz Perc

Copyright © 2013 Feng Yu-qin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper aims at testing the influence of emission factors on travelers’ behavior of route choice. The generalized travel cost is defined as the linear weighted sum of emission factors, travel time, and travel time reliability. The relational model of exhaust volume and traffic volume is established using the BPR (Bureau of Public Road) function to calculate the cost of travel regarding emission. The BPR function is used to measure the road segment travel time, while the reliability is used to quantify the cost of travel time fluctuation. At last, the route choice model considering the generalized travel cost is established based on the game theory. The calculating and analyzing of results under a miniature road network show that the weight coefficient of travel cost influences the travelers’ behavior of route choice remarkably and the route choice model which takes emission into account can reduce the exhaust of road network effectively, approximately 11.4% in this case.