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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 613964, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/613964
Research Article

Path Planning for Mobile Objects in Four-Dimension Based on Particle Swarm Optimization Method with Penalty Function

1Navigation College, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430063, China
2Department of Mathematics, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd Branch, Bojnourd 94186-54145, Iran
3Chutian College, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430205, China

Received 4 December 2012; Accepted 1 January 2013

Academic Editor: Yang Tang

Copyright © 2013 Yong Ma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Yong Ma, M. Zamirian, Yadong Yang, Yanmin Xu, and Jing Zhang, “Path Planning for Mobile Objects in Four-Dimension Based on Particle Swarm Optimization Method with Penalty Function,” Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol. 2013, Article ID 613964, 9 pages, 2013. doi:10.1155/2013/613964