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Modelling and Simulation in Engineering
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 856497, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/856497
Research Article

Macromodel of Precise Signal-Phase Meter

Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Maribor, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia

Received 5 April 2012; Accepted 11 July 2012

Academic Editor: Azah Mohamed

Copyright © 2012 Matej Šalamon and Bojan Jarc. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a precise macromodel of a signal-phase meter, which allows continuous phase measurement during simulation. It has been developed as a support tool during the design process of a signal-conditioning circuit for incremental position encoders. The development of a signal conditioning circuit requires precise measurements of small signal phases, amplitudes and offsets using the analog/digital circuit simulator. The phase measurement cannot be performed directly with a simulator, therefore an appropriate macro-model is needed for a circuit simulator. The structure of the signal-phase meter is based on the conventional signal-phase measuring method and is intended for the measuring of a cosine-signal phase with a known frequency. It recommends that the time variations of an input signal’s parameters (amplitude, phase, frequency, and offset voltage) are slow and small as possible. Rapid change of a signal’s parameters decreases the simulation result’s accuracy. A macro-model’s precision mainly depends on the chosen parameters for the macro-model and for the simulation. We show that with the proposed meter’s model, the phase angle can be measured with an accuracy of more than ±0,02%.