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Neural Plasticity
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 424651, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/424651
Review Article

Methylcobalamin: A Potential Vitamin of Pain Killer

Institute of Neurosciences, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710032, China

Received 19 September 2013; Revised 6 November 2013; Accepted 12 November 2013

Academic Editor: Sheng Tian Li

Copyright © 2013 Ming Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Methylcobalamin (MeCbl), the activated form of vitamin B12, has been used to treat some nutritional diseases and other diseases in clinic, such as Alzheimer’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis. As an auxiliary agent, it exerts neuronal protection by promoting regeneration of injured nerves and antagonizing glutamate-induced neurotoxicity. Recently several lines of evidence demonstrated that MeCbl may have potential analgesic effects in experimental and clinical studies. For example, MeCbl alleviated pain behaviors in diabetic neuropathy, low back pain and neuralgia. MeCbl improved nerve conduction, promoted the regeneration of injured nerves, and inhibited ectopic spontaneous discharges of injured primary sensory neurons. This review aims to summarize the analgesic effect and mechanisms of MeCbl at the present.