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Neural Plasticity
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 754564, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/754564
Research Article

Ultrasonic Assessment of Females with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Proved by Nerve Conduction Study

1Neurophysiology Unit, Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kufa University, Najaf, Iraq
2Radiology Unit, Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kufa University, Najaf, Iraq
3Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Kufa University, Najaf, Iraq

Received 25 March 2013; Revised 30 May 2013; Accepted 4 June 2013

Academic Editor: Preston E. Garraghty

Copyright © 2013 Ihsan M. Ajeena et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most commonly diagnosed entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. The objective of this study was to diagnose CTS and to assess its severity using high resolution ultrasound (HRUS) depending on the results of nerve conduction study (NCS). Methods. A prospective cross-sectional study, in which HRUS was performed at 63 wrists of 35 female patients with different severity of CTS (as proved by NCS). Furthermore, 40 healthy volunteers (80 wrists) underwent the same tests as the patients and have been chosen to match the patients in gender, age, and body mass index (BMI). The cross section area (CSA) of the median nerve (MN) was obtained using HRUS at the carpal tunnel inlet by direct tracing method. Results. There was a significant difference in the CSA of the MN at the tunnel inlet in CTS patients when compared with the control group. In fact, the CSA of the control group showed a significant difference from each of patients subgroups. Furthermore, a significant difference in the CSA was seen in between these subgroups. In conclusion, the US examination of the MN seems to be a promising method in diagnosing and grading of carpal tunnel syndrome.