Table 3: Standardized clinical instruments.

TypeInstrumentConceptsScores

39 items.
Health-related quality of lifeStroke and Aphasia Quality of life SAQOL-39 [49]Disease specific quality of lifeFour dimensions rating the extent to which the informants struggle with different functions.
Scoring: total score and four subscores (physical function, communication ability, psychosocial life, and energy). Range: 5–1, “no trouble at all” (5) to “could not do it at all” (1).

Global evaluationFaces Scale [51]Emotional well-beingSeven visual faces whose expressions vary from very happy to very sad. The scale does not have verbal labels, but each face was given numerical values for the purpose of graphical illustration. The most happy face was given the numerical value 7 and the most sad face was given the numerical value 1.

Global evaluationCantril’s Ladder Scale [50]Life satisfactionVisual ladder with ten steps and 11 numbers ranging from 10 to 0: step ten at the top of the ladder depicts the highest level of satisfaction, and step one depicts the lowest. The scale does not have verbal labels, but was given numerical values for the purpose of graphical illustrations. Step ten was given the numerical value 10, step 1 the numerical value 0.

Symptom specificHopkins Symptom Check List—8 items [52, 54]Psychological distress/mental healthEight statements related to common symptoms of anxiety and depression with scores ranging from 4 to 1: “not bothered” (4) to “very bothered” (1).