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Nursing Research and Practice
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 935740, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/935740
Research Article

Recruiting for Epigenetic Research: Facilitating the Informed Consent Process

1School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, P.O. Box 980567, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
2Department of Pathology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA

Received 18 April 2013; Accepted 24 May 2013

Academic Editor: Leorey Saligan

Copyright © 2013 Nancy Jallo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Because the effects of epigenetic (gene-environment interaction) changes have been associated with numerous adverse health states, the study of epigenetic measures provides exciting research opportunities for biobehavioral scientists. However, recruitment for studies focusing on any aspect of genetics poses challenges. Multiple factors, including lack of knowledge regarding a research study, have been identified as barriers to recruitment. Strengthening the informed consent process through extended discussion has been found to be effective in recruiting for research studies in general, yet there is a paucity of information that focused on such a recruitment strategy for epigenetic studies. In this paper, we share our experiences with strategies to strengthen the informed consent process as well as provide samples of materials developed to heighten potential participants’ understanding of epigenetics, in 4 epigenetic research studies with women from diverse backgrounds experiencing a range of health issues. The combined enrollment success rate for epigenetic studies using the process was 89% with participants representing a diverse population. We posit that carefully developed recruitment scripts provided a foundation for improving potential participants’ understanding of the research project. Easy to understand illustrations of the epigenetic process provided a basis for active engagement and encouraged individual questions.