Table 5: Neonate characteristics at birth.

CharacteristicsResultNational
data

Mean gestational age, weeks37.6 (range 26–42)38.8**
% preterm (<37 weeks gestation)23.78.1**
Apgar score at 5 minutes 8.73 (range 3–10)
Average birth weight, grams2798 (range 900–4345)3374**
Average head circumference, cm33 (range 24–37.5)
Average length, cm46.9 (range 36–56.5)
Birth weight
 % >2500 g74.892.1**
 % LBW (<2500 g)20.16.2**
 % Very LBW (<1500 g)2.21.0**
 % Extremely LBW (<1000 g)2.90.4**
% Breast milk feeds at birth45.3
% Apgar < 7 at 5 mins after birth5.81.4**
% Admitted to special care nursery/NICU††69.114.5**
% NAS†††69.8
% Required NAS pharmacotherapy48.9
% Respiratory distress21.6
% Jaundice20.9
% Sepsis5.8
Mean maximum Finnegan’s NAS score7.55 (range 0–18)

* value < 0.05; ** value < 0.001.
LBW: low birth weight.
††NICU: neonatal intensive care unit.
†††NAS: neonatal abstinence syndrome.