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Prostate Cancer
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 584784, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/584784
Review Article

Pros and Cons of Focal Therapy for Localised Prostate Cancer

Section of Urology and Andrology, Department of Medical-Surgical Specialties and Public Health, Policlinico Santa Maria della Misericordia Sant'Andrea delle Fratte Perugia, University of Perugia, 06122 Perugia, Italy

Received 11 December 2010; Revised 13 February 2011; Accepted 9 March 2011

Academic Editor: Truls Erik Bjerklund-Johansen

Copyright © 2011 Luigi Mearini and Massimo Porena. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In prostate cancer, an interesting and intriguing option to overcome the risks of whole-gland treatment is focal therapy, with the aim of eradicating known cancer foci and reducing collateral damages to the structures essential for maintaining normal urinary and sexual function. Ablation of all known lesions would favorably alter the natural history of the cancer without impacting health-related quality of life and allows for safe retreatment with repeated focal therapy or whole-gland approaches if necessary. Our objective is to reassess the possibilities and criticisms of such procedure: the rationale for focal therapy and the enthusiasm come from the success of conservative approaches in treating other malignancies and in the high incidence of overtreatment introduced by prostate cancer screening programs. One of the challenges in applying such an approach to the treatment of prostate cancer is the multifocal nature of the disease and current difficulties in accurate tumor mapmaking.