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Prostate Cancer
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 647987, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/647987
Review Article

Role of Signaling Transduction Pathways in Development of Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawaharacho Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan

Received 29 June 2011; Accepted 9 August 2011

Academic Editor: Arnulf Stenzl

Copyright © 2011 Takahiro Inoue and Osamu Ogawa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Almost all patients who succumb to prostate cancer die of metastatic castration-resistant disease. Although docetaxel is the standard treatment for this disease and is associated with modest prolongation of survival, there is an urgent need for novel treatments for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Great advances in our understanding of the biological and molecular mechanisms of prostate cancer progression have resulted in many clinical trials of numerous targeted therapies. In this paper, we review mechanisms of CRPC development, with particular focus on recent advances in the understanding of specific intracellular signaling pathways participating in the proliferation of CRPC cells.