Table 1: Modifications to RALP.

ModificationsYear introducedReferences

Urinary continenceSling construction1997Jorion [18]
Bladder neck preservation2002 Deliveliotis et al. [16], Selli et al. [15], and von Bodman et al. [85]
Intraoperative cooling2009Finley et al. [29]
Pubovesical complex sparing2011Asimakopoulos et al. [28]

UVAPosterior reconstruction2008Rocco et al. [19, 86], Coelho et al. [87]
Anterior reconstruction2009Campenni et al. [20], Patel et al. [21]
Double layer anastomosis2009 Menon et al. [22], Sammon et al. [23], and Joshi et al. [25], Sutherland et al. [24], Sammon et al. [23], and Hurtes et al. [88]
Barbed suture2011Sammon et al. [26], and Kaushik et al. [27]

NVB sparingNVB sparing1991Quinlan et al. [36], Catalona et al. [39], Dubbelman et al. [38], Rabbani et al. [37], and Walsh et al. [40]
Veil of Aphrodite2002Menon et al. [41, 45]
Athermal dissection2007Tewari et al. [52], Mandhani et al. [56], and Khan et al. [57], Ahlering et al. [58], Chien et al. [59], and Gill et al. [60]
Tension-free2007 Kowalczyk et al. [53], Mattei et al. [55]

Bladder drainageSP drainage2009 Krane et al. [31], Sammon et al. [32], and Tewari et al. [33]