Table 2: Comparisons of carer quality of life by gender.

PDQ-Carer domainMale carers
Mean (SD)
Female carers
Mean (SD)

Social and Personal Activities38.12 (27.81)49.02 (25.87)−2.76<0.01
Anxiety and Depression38.41 (25.47)49.30 (24.21)−2.94<0.01
Self-Care22.67 (23.83)36.05 (24.19)−3.71<0.001
Stress34.18 (24.41)48.27 (22.98)−4.01<0.001