Table 4: Effects of exercise on the PDQ-39 subsections.

VariablesPre- mean (SD)Post- mean (SD)SRM value

PDQ-39 total28.8 ± 19.824.9 ± 17.0−0.330.127
PDQ mobility8.05 ± 8.066.31 ± 6.47−0.370.09
PDQ ADL5.28 ± 4.443.92 ± 3.77−0.490.01 **
PDQ emotional4.18 ± 3.544.13 ± 3.53−0.020.85
PDQ stigma2.23 ± 2.332.08 ± 2.15−0.050.72
PDQ social0.88 ± 1.140.87 ± 1.17−0.010.44
PDQ cognitive 2.88 ± 2.372.71 ± 2.13−0.090.78
PDQ communication 2.30 ± 2.152.03 ± 1.90−0.150.49
PDQ discomfort3.03 ± 2.272.82 ± 2.12−0.120.51

Significance at the 0.01 level.