About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Parkinson’s Disease
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 704237, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/704237
Research Article

Slow Down and Concentrate: Time for a Paradigm Shift in Fall Prevention among People with Parkinson’s Disease?

Academic Geriatric Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Mailpoint 807, University Hospital Southampton, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK

Received 4 October 2012; Revised 10 December 2012; Accepted 17 January 2013

Academic Editor: Margaret K. Y. Mak

Copyright © 2013 Emma L. Stack and Helen C. Roberts. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. K. Wenning, G. Ebersbach, M. Verny et al., “Progression of falls in postmortem-confirmed Parkinsonian disorders,” Movement Disorders, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 947–950, 1999.
  2. B. H. Wood, J. A. Bilclough, A. Bowron, and R. W. Walker, “Incidence and prediction of falls in Parkinson's disease: a prospective multidisciplinary study,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 72, no. 6, pp. 721–725, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Ashburn, E. Stack, C. Ballinger, L. Fazakarley, and C. Fitton, “The circumstances of falls among people with Parkinson's disease and the use of Falls Diaries to facilitate reporting,” Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 30, no. 16, pp. 1205–1212, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Jones and J. Playfer, “Parkinson’s Disease,” in Physical Management for Neurological Conditions, M. Stokes and E. Stack, Eds., Chapter 6, Elsevier, Oxford, UK, 3rd edition, 2011.
  5. Y. P. T. Kamsma, W. H. Brouwer, and J. P. W. F. Lakke, “Training of compensational strategies for impaired gross motor skills in Parkinson's disease,” Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 209–229, 1995. View at Scopus
  6. M. E. Morris, “Movement disorders in people with parkinson disease: a model for physical therapy,” Physical Therapy, vol. 80, no. 6, pp. 578–597, 2000. View at Scopus
  7. A. Nieuwboer, L. Rochester, and D. Jones, “Cueing gait and gait-related mobility in patients with Parkinson's disease: developing a therapeutic method based on the international classification of functioning, disability, and health,” Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 151–165, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. M. Lamont, M. E. Morris, H. Woollacott, and S. G. Brauer, “Community walking in people with Parkinson’s disease,” Parkinson’s Disease, Article ID 856237, 8 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. D. Jones, L. Rochester, A. Birleson et al., “Everyday walking with Parkinson's disease: understanding personal challenges and strategies,” Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 30, no. 16, pp. 1213–1221, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Stack and A. Ashburn, “Dysfunctional turning in Parkinson's disease,” Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 30, no. 16, pp. 1222–1229, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. Stolze, S. Klebe, C. Baecker et al., “Prevalence of Gait disorders in hospitalized neurological patients,” Movement Disorders, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 89–94, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. W. Li, T. H. M. Keegan, B. Sternfeld, S. Sidney, C. P. Quesenberry Jr., and J. L. Kelsey, “Outdoor falls among middle-aged and older adults: a neglected public health problem,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 96, no. 7, pp. 1192–1200, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Granat, “Can we quantify behaviour of the older adult from the analysis of free-living activities?” Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 20, p. S43, Abstracts for the 8th World Congress on Aging and Physical Activity, 2012.
  14. M. D. Willemsen, Y. A. M. Grimbergen, M. Slabbekoorn, and B. R. Bloem, “Falling in Parkinson disease: more often due to postural instability than to environmental factors,” Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, vol. 144, no. 48, pp. 2309–2314, 2000. View at Scopus
  15. E. Stack and A. Ashburn, “Fall events described by people with Parkinson's disease: implications for clinical interviewing and the research agenda,” Physiotherapy Research International, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 190–200, 1999. View at Scopus
  16. B. Galna, S. Lord, and L. Rochester, “Does ineffective foot clearance when walking distinguish fallers from non-fallers in people with Parkinson's disease?” Movement Disorders, vol. 27, supplement 1, article 814, 2012.
  17. Y. A. M. Grimbergen, M. Munneke, and B. R. Bloem, “Falls in Parkinson's disease,” Current Opinion in Neurology, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 405–415, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. R. Cummings and M. C. Nevitt, “A hypothesis: the causes of hip fractures,” Journals of Gerontology, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. M107–M111, 1989. View at Scopus
  19. O. Johnell, L. J. Melton, E. J. Atkinson, W. M. O'Fallon, and L. T. Kurland, “Fracture risk in patients with Parkinsonism: a population-based study in Olmsted County, Minnesota,” Age and Ageing, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 32–38, 1992. View at Scopus
  20. M. H. Nilsson, G.-M. Hariz, S. Iwarsson, and P. Hagell, “Walking ability is a major contributor to fear of falling in people with Parkinson's disease: implications for rehabilitation,” Parkinson's Disease, vol. 2012, Article ID 713236, 7 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. A. Ashburn, L. Fazakarley, C. Ballinger, R. Pickering, L. D. McLellan, and C. Fitton, “A randomised controlled trial of a home based exercise programme to reduce the risk of falling among people with Parkinson's disease,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 78, no. 7, pp. 678–684, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. H. Whitehead, R. Wundke, and M. Crotty, “Attitudes to falls and injury prevention: what are the barriers to implementing falls prevention strategies?” Clinical Rehabilitation, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 536–542, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Yardley, S. Kirby, Y. Ben-Shlomo, R. Gilbert, S. Whitehead, and C. Todd, “How likely are older people to take up different falls prevention activities?” Preventive Medicine, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 554–558, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. L. Tomlinson, S. Patel, C. Meek et al., “Physiotherapy intervention in Parkinson’s disease: systematic review and meta-analysis,” British Medical Journal, vol. 345, article e5004, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. F. Li, P. Harmer, K. Fitzgerald et al., “Tai chi and postural stability in patients with Parkinson's disease,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 366, pp. 511–519, 2012.
  26. L. Z. Rubenstein, K. R. Josephson, P. R. Trueblood et al., “Effects of a group exercise program on strength, mobility, and falls among fall-prone elderly men,” Journals of Gerontology A, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. M317–M321, 2000. View at Scopus
  27. J. J. Keysor and A. M. Jette, “Have we oversold the benefit of late-life exercise?” Journals of Gerontology A, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. M412–M423, 2001. View at Scopus
  28. J. R. Fitz-Clarke, R. H. Morton, and E. W. Banister, “Optimizing athletic performance by influence curves,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 1151–1158, 1991. View at Scopus
  29. G. C. Gauchard, P. Gangloff, A. Vouriot, J. P. Mallié, and P. P. Perrin, “Effects of exercise-induced fatigue with and without hydration on static postural control in adult human subjects,” International Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 112, no. 10, pp. 1191–1206, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. F. Baumeister and J. Tierney, Willpower: Rediscovering the Greatest Human Strength, The Penguin Press, New York, NY, USA, 2011.
  31. T. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962), University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill, USA, 1962.