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PPAR Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 349469, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/349469
Research Article

The Impact of PPAR Genetic Variants on IBD Susceptibility and IBD Disease Course

1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
2Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland

Received 12 September 2011; Accepted 10 October 2011

Academic Editor: Ruth Roberts

Copyright © 2012 Jessica Mwinyi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

PPARγ is a nuclear receptor that regulates numerous pathways including cytokine expression and immune responses and plays an important role in controlling colon inflammation. We aimed at determining the occurring PPARγ SNPs, at predicting the haplotypes, and at determining the frequency outcome in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients in comparison with healthy controls. We determined genetic variants in the coding exons and flanking intronic sequences of the NR1C3 gene in 284 IBD patients and 194 controls and predicted NR1C3 haplotypes via bioinformatic analysis. We investigated whether certain NR1C3 variants are associated with susceptibility to IBD or its disease course. None of the detected 22 NR1C3 variants were associated with IBD. Two variants with allelic frequencies over 1% were included in haplotype/diplotype analyses. None of the NR3C1 haplotypes showed association with IBD development or disease course. We conclude that NR1C3 haplotypes are not related to IBD susceptibility or IBD disease activity.