About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Pain Research and Treatment
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 987468, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/987468
Clinical Study

Pain Scores Are Not Predictive of Pain Medication Utilization

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 S. First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, USA

Received 2 February 2011; Accepted 28 July 2011

Academic Editor: Anna Maria Aloisi

Copyright © 2011 Suzanne Galloway et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. S. Liu and C. L. Wu, “Effect of postoperative analgesia on major postoperative complications: a systematic update of the evidence,” Pain Medicine, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 689–702, 2007.
  2. D. O. Warner, “Preventing postoperative pulmonary complications: the role of the anesthesiologist,” Anesthesiology, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 1467–1472, 2000. View at Scopus
  3. “Perioperative pulmonary complications for patients undergoing noncardiothoracic surgery: a guideline from the American College of Physicians,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 144, no. 8, pp. 575–580, 2006. View at Scopus
  4. A. Meissner, N. Rolf, and H. Van Aken, “Thoracic epidural anesthesia and the patient with heart disease: benefits, risks, and controversies,” Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 517–528, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. D. C. Warltier, P. S. Pagel, and J. R. Kersten, “Approaches to the prevention of perioperative myocardial ischemia,” Anesthesiology, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 253–259, 2000. View at Scopus
  6. M. G. Mythen, “Postoperative gastrointestinal tract dysfunction,” Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 196–204, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  7. R. J. Fotiadis, S. Badvie, M. D. Weston, and T. G. Allen-Mersh, “Epidural analgesia in gastrointestinal surgery,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 91, no. 7, pp. 828–841, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. O. Akca, M. Melischek, T. Scheck et al., “Postoperative pain and subcutaneous oxygen tension,” The Lancet, vol. 354, no. 9172, pp. 41–42, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Buvanendran, J. S. Kroin, C. J. D. Valle, M. Kari, M. Moric, and K. J. Tuman, “Perioperative oral pregabalin reduces chronic pain after total knee arthroplasty: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial,” Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 199–207, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  10. H. Kehlet, T. S. Jensen, and C. J. Woolf, “Persistent postsurgical pain: risk factors and prevention,” The Lancet, vol. 367, no. 9522, pp. 1618–1625, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  11. T. Callesen, K. Bech, and H. Kehlet, “Prospective study of chronic pain after groin hernia repair,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 86, no. 12, pp. 1528–1531, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  12. T. Tasmuth, A. M. Estlanderb, and E. Kalso, “Effect of present pain and mood on the memory of past postoperative pain in women treated surgically for breast cancer,” Pain, vol. 68, no. 2-3, pp. 343–347, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Katz, M. Jackson, B. P. Kavanagh, and A. N. Sandler, “Acute pain after thoracic surgery predicts long-term post-thoracotomy pain,” Clinical Journal of Pain, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 50–55, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. E. DuPree, L. Martin, R. Anderson et al., “Improving patient satisfaction with pain management using six sigma tools,” The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 343–350, 2009. View at Scopus
  15. D. D. Price, F. M. Bush, S. Long, and S. W. Harkins, “A comparison of pain measurement characteristics of mechanical visual analogue and simple numerical rating scales,” Pain, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 217–226, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. D. Price, P. A. McGrath, A. Rafii, and B. Buckingham, “The validation of visual analogue scales as ratio scale measures for chronic and experimental pain,” Pain, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 45–56, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. D. Price, S. W. Harkins, and C. Baker, “Sensory affective relationships among different types of clinical and experimental pain,” Pain, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 297–307, 1987. View at Scopus
  18. J. B. Wade, D. D. Price, R. M. Hamer, S. M. Schwartz, and R. P. Hart, “An emotional component analysis of chronic pain,” Pain, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 303–310, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. D. Price and S. W. Harkins, “The combined used of visual analogue scales and experimental pain in providing standardized assessment of clinical pain,” Clinical Journal of Pain, vol. 3, pp. 3–11, 1987.
  20. S. W. Harkins, D. D. Price, and J. Braith, “Effects of extraversion and neuroticism on experimental pain, clinical pain, and illness behavior,” Pain, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 209–218, 1989. View at Scopus
  21. S. L. Wallenstein, G. Heidrich, R. Kaiko, and R. W. Houde, “Clinical evaluation of mild analgesics: the measurement of clinical pain,” British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 10, supplement 2, pp. 319S–327S, 1980.
  22. R. A. Seymour, “The use of pain scales in assessing the efficacy of analgesics in post-operative dental pain,” European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 441–444, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. D. D. Price, A. von der Gruen, J. Miller, A. Rafii, and C. Price, “A psychophysical analysis of morphine analgesia,” Pain, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 261–269, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. D. Price, S. W. Harkins, A. Rafii, and C. Price, “A simultaneous comparison of fentanyl's analgesic effects on experimental and clinical pain,” Pain, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 197–203, 1986. View at Scopus
  25. C. A. Anderson, M. Chimhanda, J. Sloan, S. Galloway, J. Sinacore, and L. Brubaker, “Phenazopyridine does not improve catheter discomfort following gynecologic surgery,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 204, no. 3, pp. 267.e1–267.e3, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  26. SPSS (2006) SPSS—pc Version 16.0, SPSS, Chicago.
  27. M. U. Werner, P. Duun, and H. Kehlet, “Prediction of postoperative pain by preoperative nociceptive responses to heat stimulation,” Anesthesiology, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 115–119, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. H. Lundblad, A. Kreicbergs, and K. A. Jansson, “Prediction of persistent pain after total knee replacement for osteoarthritis,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery B, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 166–171, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  29. P. F. White and H. Kehlet, “Improving postoperative pain management: what are the unresolved issues?” Anesthesiology, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 220–225, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus