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Psyche
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 134746, 24 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/134746
Review Article

Diversity of Species and Behavior of Hymenopteran Parasitoids of Ants: A Review

1Departamento de Entomología Tropical, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Avenida Centenario km 5.5, 77014 Chetumal, QRoo, Mexico
2Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, CNRS-UMR 5169, Université de Toulouse, UPS, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse Cedex 09, France

Received 3 October 2011; Accepted 28 October 2011

Academic Editor: Alain Lenoir

Copyright © 2012 Jean-Paul Lachaud and Gabriela Pérez-Lachaud. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Supplementary Material

Supplementary Table: Explanation note. Ant species (primary hosts) and their wasp parasitoids. Species names are listed in alphabetical order.

Supplementary Movie 1: Explanation note. Recently hatched first-instar eucharitid larvae (planidia). A Kapala iridicolor female was found ovipositing on flowers of Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae). The inflorescence had a batch of planidia from a preceding oviposition event. Larvae moved and twirled under the light from a stereomicroscope.

Supplementary Movie 2: Explanation note. Late first-instar eucharitid larva during relocation on its newly transformed host pupa (Ectatomma tuberculatum). The planidium begins to feed upon the host larva, increasing its volume by 1000 times, but completes its development only when the host pupates. The host cocoon has been removed.

  1. Supplementary Table
  2. Supplementary Movie 1
  3. Supplementary Movie 2