Table 1: Chemical host location cues used by phorid flies in search of ant hosts.

Phorid speciesAnt speciesCueSourceAnt useRef.

Apocephalus paraponeraeParaponera clavata4-Methyl-3-heptanol and 4-methyl-3-heptanoneMandibular glandsAlarm pheromone[2, 4, 35]
Pseudacteon brevicaudaMyrmica rubra3-Octanone and 3-nonanoneMandibular glandsAlarm pheromone[36, 37]
Pseudacteon formicarumLasius niger and Lasius emarginatus Formic acidVenom glandsAlarm/defense pheromone[38]
Pseudacteon spp.Azteca instabilis1-Acetyl-2-methylcyclopentanePygidial GlandAlarm pheromone[17, 39]
Pseudacteon litoralisSolenopsis saevissima complexUnknownUnknownUnknown use at disturbed mounds[20]
Pseudacteon wasmanniSolenopsis saevissima complexUnknownUnknownUnknown use at disturbed mounds[20]
Pseudacteon obtususSolenopsis saevissima complexUnknownUnknownUnknown use on trails[20]
Pseudacteon borgmeieriSolenopsis saevissima complexUnknownUnknownUnknown use on trails[20]
Pseudacteon nuicornisSolenopsis saevissima complexUnknownUnknownUnknown use on trails[20]
Pseudacteon solenopsidisSolenopsis saevissima complexUnknownUnknownUnknown use on trails[20]
Pseudacteon tricuspisSolenopsis saevissima complex2-Ethyl-3, 6-dimethylpyrazineMandibular glandsAlarm pheromone[40, 41]