Table 2: Host acceptance cues used by phorid flies to choose ant hosts.

Cue modalityPhorid speciesAnt speciesCueSourceAnt useRef.

VisualPseudacteon spp.Solenopsis saevissima complexMovement[16, 19]
Pseudacteon spp.Azteca instabilisMovement[17]
Neodohrniphora elongataAtta sexdensMovement[18]
Apocephalus paraponeraeParaponera clavataNo movement[5]
Pseudacteon nuicornisSolenopsis saevissima complexSmall-sized workers[16]
Pseudacteon obtususSolenopsis saevissima complexSmall-sized workers[16]
Pseudacteon curvatusSolenopsis saevissima complexSmall-sized workers[16]
Pseudacteon tricuspisSolenopsis saevissima complexMedium-sized workers[16]
Pseudacteon wasmanniSolenopsis saevissima complexMedium-sized workers[16]
Pseudacteon borgmeieriSolenopsis saevissima complexMedium- to Larger-sized workers[16]
Pseudacteon solenopsidisSolenopsis saevissima complexMedium- to Larger-sized workers[16]
Pseudacteon litoralisSolenopsis saevissima complexLarger-sized workers[16]
Neodohrniphora elongataAtta sexdensMinimum head width of 1.6 mm[53]
Apocephalus paraponeraeParaponera clavataLarge workers[5]

ChemicalApocephalus paraponeraeParaponera clavataCuticular hydrocarbonsNest mate recognition[5]
Pseudacteon spp.Azteca instabilisCuticular hydrocarbonsNest mate recognition[54]
Pseudacteon tricuspisSolenopsis invictaPiperidine alkaloidsVenom glandsDefense pheromone[26]