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Psychiatry Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 198746, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/198746
Research Article

Cognitive Aspects of Hyperactivity and Overactivity in Preadolescents with Tourette Syndrome

1University of Quebec in Montreal, Montreal, QC, H2Y 0A3, Canada
2Fernand-Seguin Research Centre, Louis-H. Lafontaine Hospital, 7331 Hochelaga Street, Montreal, QC, H1N 3V2, Canada
3Department of Psychoeducation and Psychology, University of Quebec in Outaouais, Gatineau, QC, J8Y 3GS, Canada
4Department of Psychiatry, University of Montréal, Montreal, QC, H3T 1J4, Canada
5Laboratoire de Psychophysiologie Cognitive et Sociale, Montreal, QC, Canada

Received 29 November 2012; Revised 18 January 2013; Accepted 21 January 2013

Academic Editor: Umberto Albert

Copyright © 2013 Anick Laverdure et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD) is a common comorbidity in children with Tourette syndrome (TS). However, motor restlessness and high levels of sensorimotor activation or “overactivity” may be a feature of TS rather than a distinct ADHD comorbidity. The link between overactivity and ADHD in TS has yet to be established and in particular between adult and preadolescent manifestations. The current study furthers this understanding of ADHD features in TS by investigating the relationship between cognitive and behavioral aspects of ADHD and TS. The style of planning (STOP) overactivity scale was compared in preadolescent ( ) and adult ( ) samples. The STOP overactivity scale measures the characteristic overactive style of planning in everyday life. The aims of the study were twofold as follows: (1) to see if an overactive style was present in adolescents as well as in adults, and (2) to see if this overactive style correlated with hyperactivity, impulsivity, or perfectionism. Results suggest that overactivity may be a better description of the hyperactivity manifestations in TS. Behavioral components of overactivity were present in preadolescents while the cognitive components were more frequent in adults. Overactivity relates at the same time to perfectionism and impulsivity.