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Psychiatry Journal
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 382126, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/382126
Research Article

Cognitive Performance in Men and Women Infected with HIV-1

Departamento de Análisis e Intervención Psicosocioeducativa, Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de Vigo, Campus Universitario As Lagoas, Avenida Castelao s/n, 32004 Ourense, Spain

Received 8 October 2012; Accepted 12 November 2012

Academic Editor: Yvonne Forsell

Copyright © 2013 José María Faílde Garrido et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Very few studies have examined the neuropsychological performance of HIV-positive women, and even fewer have attempted a comparison of cognitive functioning by gender. The aim of this study was to describe the nature of the neuropsychological performance of HIV seropositive patients by gender. Methods. A clinical sample made up of 151 subjects was recruited to participate in this study. All of the subjects underwent the same assessment process, consisting of a neuropsychological evaluation and an interview to gather sociodemographic, toxicological, and clinical data. Results and Discussion. Despite the fact that men obtained higher scores in visual memory, attention/psychomotor speed, and abstract reasoning/verbal intelligence, these differences were not statistically significant. In contrast, significant differences were found depending on subjects’ serological status. Seropositive participants’ neuropsychological performance was significantly lower than that of the seronegative participants in all of the areas assessed as follows: (1) visual memory; (2) attention/psychomotor speed; (3) abstract reasoning/verbal intelligence; (4) verbal memory for texts; (5) verbal memory for digits and words. Conclusions. The results from this study reveal no significant gender differences in the cognitive performance of patients infected with HIV-1.