Table 1

Demographic Characteristics

Categorical variablesInterventionControlAll value
(%) (%) (%)

Ethnicity
 African American/black2 (4.55%)0 (0%)2 (2.53%)0.82*
 Unknown0 (0%)3 (8.57%)3 (3.8%)
 Asian0 (0%)1 (2.86%)1 (1.27%)
 Hispanic0 (0%)2 (5.71%)2 (2.53%)
 Multiracial7 (15.91%)2 (5.71%)9 (11.39%)
 White33 (75%)27 (77.14%)60 (75.95%)
 Native American2 (4.55%)0 (0%)2 (2.53%)
Employment
No36 (81.82%)22 (62.86%)58 (73.42%)0.058
Yes8 (18.18%)13 (37.14%)21 (26.58%)
Marital status
 Single34 (79.07%)21 (60%)55 (70.51%)0.0662
 Married, living together9 (20.93%)14 (40%)23 (29.49%)
Income
 $0 to $30,00036 (81.82%)28 (80%)64 (81.01%)0.338*
 $31,000 to $50,0005 (11.36%)3 (8.57%)8 (10.13%)
 $51,000 to $70,0002 (4.55%)3 (8.57%)5 (6.33%)
 $71,000 to $101,0001 (2.27%)1 (2.86%)2 (2.53%)
Disability severity
 11 (2.27%)1 (2.86%)2 (2.53%)0.15
 214 (31.82%)18 (51.43%)32 (40.51%)
 329 (65.91%)16 (45.71%)45 (56.96%)
Receive assistance from others
 (1) No6 (13.64%)2 (5.56%)8 (10%)0.28
 (2) Yes38 (86.36%)34 (94.44%)72 (90%)

Continuous variablesMean ± SDMean ± SDMean ± SD

Age51.59 ± 10.1852.09 ± 10.951.81 ± 10.440.82
Education14.02 ± 2.2414.17 ± 2.3214.09 ± 2.260.77

Primary disabilityInterventionWait-listAll
(%) (%) (%)

Arthritis, other musculoskeletal disorders (yes)32 (71.11%)21 (56.76%)53 (64.63%)0.18
Neurological disorder (yes)11 (24.44%)13 (35.14%)24 (29.27%)0.29
Others (yes)21 (46.67%)15 (40.54%)36 (43.9%)0.58

is performed on the regrouped categories. See the text for more details.