- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Radiology Research and Practice
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 594278, 8 pages
CT Scans in Young People in Great Britain: Temporal and Descriptive Patterns, 1993–2002
1Institute of Health & Society, Newcastle University, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK
2Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London WC1N 3JH, UK
3Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Gyeonggi-do 446701, Republic of Korea
4Radiation Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
5Northern Institute of Cancer Research, Newcastle University, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK
6Departments of Medicine and Paediatrics, Population Cancer Research Program, Dalhousie University and Cancer Care Nova Scotia, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 3B7
Received 5 March 2012; Accepted 24 April 2012
Academic Editor: David C. Howlett
Copyright © 2012 Mark S. Pearce et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- M. M. Rehani and M. Berry, “Radiation doses in computed tomography,” British Medical Journal, vol. 320, no. 7235, pp. 593–594, 2000.
- D. J. Brenner, C. D. Elliston, E. J. Hall, and W. E. Berdon, “Estimated risks of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 176, no. 2, pp. 289–296, 2001.
- L. Parker, “Computed tomography scanning in children: radiation risks,” Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 307–308, 2001.
- A. Paterson, D. P. Frush, and L. F. Donnelly, “Helical CT of the body: are settings adjusted for pediatric patients?” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 176, no. 2, pp. 297–301, 2001.
- D. J. Brenner and C. D. Elliston, “Estimated radiation on risks potentially associated with full-body CT screening,” Radiology, vol. 232, no. 3, pp. 735–738, 2004.
- D. J. Brenner and E. J. Hall, “Computed tomography—an increasing source of radiation exposure,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 357, no. 22, pp. 2277–2284, 2007.
- G. Chodick, C. M. Ronckers, V. Shalev, and E. Ron, “Excess lifetime cancer mortality risk attributable to radiation exposure from computed tomography examinations in children,” Israel Medical Association Journal, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 584–587, 2007.
- A. B. de González, M. Mahesh, K. P. Kim et al., “Projected cancer risks from computed tomographic scans performed in the United States in 2007,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 169, no. 22, pp. 2071–2077, 2009.
- A. Sodickson, P. F. Baeyens, K. P. Andriole et al., “Recurrent CT, cumulative radiation exposure, and associated radiation-induced cancer risks from CT of adults,” Radiology, vol. 251, no. 1, pp. 175–184, 2009.
- S. D. Voss, G. H. Reaman, S. C. Kaste, and T. L. Slovis, “The ALARA concept in pediatric oncology,” Pediatric Radiology, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 1142–1146, 2009.
- F. A. Mettler, P. W. Wiest, J. A. Locken, and C. A. Kelsey, “CT scanning: patterns of use and dose,” Journal of Radiological Protection, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 353–359, 2000.
- P. C. Shrimpton, D. G. Jones, M. C. Hillier, B. F. Wall, J. C. LeHeron, and K. Faulkner, “Survey of CT practice in the UK: part 2. Dosimetric aspects,” Chilton NRPB-R249, HMSO, London, UK, 1991.
- G. Chodick, C. Ronckers, E. Ron, and V. Shalev, “The utilization of pediatric computed tomography in a large Israeli Health Maintenance Organization,” Pediatric Radiology, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 485–490, 2006.
- D. Hart and B. F. Wall, “UK population dose from medical X-ray examinations,” European Journal of Radiology, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 285–291, 2004.
- Department of Health, 2008, Hospital Activity Statistics, http://www.performance.doh.gov.uk/hospitalactivity/data_requests/imaging_and_radiodiagnostics.htm.
- M. S. Pearce, J. A. Salotti, K. McHugh et al., “CT scans in young people in Northern England: trends and patterns 1993–2002,” Pediatric Radiology, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 832–838, 2011.
- F. A. Mettler, B. R. Thomadsen, M. Bhargavan et al., “Medical radiation exposure in the U.S. in 2006: preliminary results,” Health Physics, vol. 95, no. 5, pp. 502–507, 2008.
- E. J. Hall and D. J. Brenner, “Cancer risks from diagnostic radiology,” British Journal of Radiology, vol. 81, no. 965, pp. 362–378, 2008.
- J. M. Boone and J. A. Brunberg, “Computed tomography in a tertiary care university hospital,” Journal of the American College of Radiology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 132–138, 2008.
- T. A. Markel, R. Kumar, N. A. Koontz, L. R. Scherer, and K. E. Applegate, “The utility of computed tomography as a screening tool for the evaluation of pediatric blunt chest trauma,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 23–28, 2009.
- Z. Brady, T. M. Cain, and P. N. Johnston, “Paediatric CT imaging trends in Australia,” Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 132–142, 2011.
- J. Bartlett, R. Kett-White, A. D. Mendelow, J. D. Miller, J. Pickard, and G. Teasdale, “Recommendations from the Society of British Neurological Surgeons,” British Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 349–352, 1998.
- Royal College of Radiologists, Making the Best Use of a Department of Clinical Radiology: Guidelines for Doctors, The College, London, UK, 4th edition, 1998.
- Royal College of Surgeons England, Report of the Working Party on the Management of Patients with Head Injuries, Royal College of Surgeons of England, London, UK, 1999.
- F. A. Mettler, M. Bhargavan, K. Faulkner et al., “Radiologic and nuclear medicine studies in the United States and worldwide: frequency, radiation dose, and comparison with other radiation sources—1950–2007,” Radiology, vol. 253, no. 2, pp. 520–531, 2009.
- M. Galanski, H. D. Nagel, G. Stamm, and C. T. Pediatric, “exposure practice in the federal republic of Germany,” Results of a Nation-Wide Survey in 2005/06, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany, 2006.
- M. Michel, S. Jacob, G. Roger et al., “Eye lens radiation exposure and repeated head CT scans: a problem to keep in mind,” European Journal of Radiology. In press.
- J. C. Clarke, K. Cranley, B. E. Kelly, K. Bell, and P. H. S. Smith, “Provision of MRI can significantly reduce CT collective dose,” British Journal of Radiology, vol. 74, no. 886, pp. 926–931, 2001.
- N. Ghotbi, A. Ohtsuru, Y. Ogawa et al., “Pediatric CT scan usage in Japan: results of a hospital survey,” Radiation Medicine, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 560–567, 2006.
- W. Mazrani, K. McHugh, and P. J. Marsden, “The radiation burden of radiological investigations,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 92, no. 12, pp. 1127–1131, 2007.
- H. Oikarinen, S. Meriläinen, E. Pääkkö, A. Karttunen, M. T. Nieminen, and O. Tervonen, “Unjustified CT examinations in young patients,” European Radiology, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 1161–1165, 2009.
- L. Ruess, C. J. Sivit, M. R. Eichelberger, C. S. Gotschall, and G. A. Taylor, “Blunt abdominal trauma in children: impact of CT on operative and nonoperative management,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 169, no. 4, pp. 1011–1014, 1997.
- J. Renton, S. Kincaid, and P. F. Ehrlich, “Should helical CT scanning of the thoracic cavity replace the conventional chest x-ray as a primary assessment tool in pediatric trauma? An efficacy and cost analysis,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 793–797, 2003.
- S. R. Durham, K. C. Liu, and N. R. Selden, “Utility of serial computed tomography imaging in pediatric patients with head trauma,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 365–369, 2006.
- J. Maytal, J. M. Krauss, G. Novak, J. Nagelberg, and M. Patel, “The role of brain computed tomography in evaluating children with new onset of seizures in the emergency department,” Epilepsia, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 950–954, 2000.
- Y. F. Donmez, Z. Guvenc, K. F. Emiroglu, M. Coskun, and M. Haberal, “Evaluation of neurological complications in pediatric liver transplant recipients: MRI versus CT,” Journal of Child Neurology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 656–663, 2009.
- D. W. Lewis and D. Dorbad, “The utility of neuroimaging in the evaluation of children with migraine or chronic daily headache who have normal neurological examinations,” Headache, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 629–632, 2000.
- D. P. Frush, K. S. Frush, and K. T. Oldham, “Imaging of acute appendicitis in children: EU versus U.S. or US versus CT? A North American perspective,” Pediatric Radiology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 500–505, 2009.
- A. Elliott, “Issues in medical exposures,” Journal of Radiological Protection, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. A107–A121, 2009.