Table 2: Mean MSTS functional results comparison of different types of reconstructions.

ReconstructionPainFunctionEmotional acceptanceHand positioningDexterity Lifting abilityTotal

PHOA43435423
PHAPC44535425
HIA55555530
ER34445424
DROA44555528

PHOA: proximal humerus osteoarticular allograft; PHAPC: proximal humerus allograft prosthetic composite, HIA: humeral intercalary allograft; ER: elbow reconstructions; DROA: distal radius osteoarticular allograft.