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Stem Cells International
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 504723, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/504723
Review Article

“Humanized” Stem Cell Culture Techniques: The Animal Serum Controversy

1Frontier Lifeline Pvt. Ltd., TICEL Biopark, Taramani, Chennai 600113, India
2MIT Campus, Anna University, Chromepet, Chennai 600 044, India

Received 9 November 2010; Revised 18 January 2011; Accepted 5 February 2011

Academic Editor: B. Bunnell

Copyright © 2011 Chandana Tekkatte et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cellular therapy is reaching a pinnacle with an understanding of the potential of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) to regenerate damaged tissue in the body. The limited numbers of these hMSCs in currently identified sources, like bone marrow, adipose tissue, and so forth, bring forth the need for their in vitro culture/expansion. However, the extensive usage of supplements containing xenogeneic components in the expansion-media might pose a risk to the post-transplantation safety of patients. This warrants the necessity to identify and develop chemically defined or “humanized” supplements which would make in vitro cultured/processed cells relatively safer for transplantation in regenerative medicine. In this paper, we outline the various caveats associated with conventionally used supplements of xenogenic origin and also portray the possible alternatives/additives which could one day herald the dawn of a new era in the translation of in vitro cultured cells to therapeutic interventions.