Table 5: Multivariate weighted least squares and logistic regressions showing the impact of ethnic-immigrant status and sociodemographic and obesity-related risk factors on behavioral problems among US children aged 6–17 years: the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health (N = 60,787).

CovariateBehavioral problems indexSerious behavioral problem
Adjusted mean1SEP valueAdjusted odds ratio295% CI

Age (years)
 6–9101.60.36Reference1.00 Reference
 10-11101.50.550.9371.281.02−1.59
 12–14101.00.420.3091.251.05−1.50
 15–17 98.90.46<0.0011.140.93−1.39
Gender
 Male102.10.31<0.0011.501.31−1.72
 Female99.20.31Reference1.00 Reference
Ethnic-immigrant status
 Hispanic children of immigrant parents97.31.030.1492.571.22−5.40
 Hispanic children of US-born parents100.41.08<0.0012.991.43−6.29
 White children of immigrant parents101.70.94<0.0013.441.62−7.31
 White children of US-born parents102.00.27<0.0013.141.57−6.25
 Black children of immigrant parents98.62.120.1413.551.37−9.23
 Black children of US-born parents98.60.690.0102.831.40−5.74
 Asian children of immigrant parents95.11.17Reference1.00 Reference
 Asian children of US-born parents101.72.400.0133.121.04−9.36
 Other children of immigrant parents97.81.970.2362.871.22−6.75
 Other children of US-born parents102.80.81<0.0013.671.78−7.59
Mother's duration of residence in the US (years)
 <597.82.040.0700.460.23−0.95
 5–997.71.500.0140.850.49−1.46
 10–1496.41.810.0060.760.41−1.42
 15+99.00.880.0090.800.58−1.10
 US born101.50.30Reference1.00 Reference
Child's race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white101.60.290.0171.780.99−3.21
 Non-Hispanic black98.30.640.9091.640.90−3.01
 Hispanic100.00.800.2631.781.00−3.18
 American Indian/Alaska native100.61.540.2861.660.81−3.42
 Asian98.51.22Reference1.00 Reference
 Hawaiian/Pacific Islander100.82.250.3692.801.18−6.66
 Non-Hispanic mixed race102.20.970.0192.151.14−4.05
 Other102.32.240.1391.810.54−6.04
Household composition
 Two-parent biological99.20.31Reference1.00Reference
 Two-parent stepfamily104.60.72<0.0011.991.60−2.46
 Single mother102.90.56<0.0011.611.33−1.95
 Other family type102.30.83<0.0011.791.43−2.24
Household poverty status (ratio of family income to poverty threshold)
 <100%103.60.67<0.0012.071.64−2.62
 100–199%101.10.580.011.631.31−2.03
 200–399%100.30.380.0441.271.05−1.52
 ≥400%99.30.35Reference1.00 Reference
Perceived neighborhood safety
 Unsafe103.90.71<0.0011.471.20−1.79
 Safe100.20.24Reference1.00 Reference
Television watching (number of hours per day)
 <198.70.42Reference1.00 Reference
 199.90.420.0481.110.88−1.39
 2101.10.37<0.0011.301.05−1.62
 >2103.30.52<0.0011.651.32−2.05
Physical activity (number of days per week)
 0106.00.92<0.0012.011.63−2.49
 1-2103.00.66<0.0011.561.27−1.91
 3-4101.10.39<0.0011.231.04−1.47
 5 or more99.00.31Reference1.00 Reference
Sports participation
 Yes99.60.26Reference1.00 Reference
 No102.30.41<0.0011.641.41−1.90
Sleep behavior (number of nights child getting adequate sleep during past week)
 0110.81.54<0.0013.232.47−4.22
 1–4109.30.84<0.0012.772.28−3.37
 5-6103.10.39<0.0011.391.18−1.64
 798.00.26Reference1.00 Reference
BMI status of child
 Normal weight100.50.30Reference1.00 Reference
 Overweight101.20.580.2931.040.87−1.24
 Obese101.40.500.1391.140.95−1.36

Adjusted by multivariate least squares regression for child's age, gender, ethnic-immigrant status (or race/ethnicity and mother's duration of residence in the US), household composition, household poverty status, perceived neighborhood safety, TV watching, physical activity, sports participation, sleep behavior, and overweight/obesity status.
Adjusted by multivariate logistic regression for the same covariates as in the least squares model.