357805.fig.003
Figure 3: Graphical diagram of the motility and polarization of microglial cells in dopaminergic degeneration. Dopaminergic neuronal death generates the release of products, such as ATP or Ca2+, which activates the surrounding microglia. These gradients are able to attract microglia toward neurons (find-me signal). Cdc42/ROCK-dependent signaling controls the motility and polarization of microglia, which can be blocked by specific ROCK inhibitors. The motility of microglia starts with the polarization of microglial processes and then the apposition of the microglial cell body toward the neuron, forming an engulfing gliapse. In the engulfing process, dopaminergic neuron nucleus starts to show chromatin condensation and displays a pyknotic appearance. Cathepsin-D lysosomes digest the content of the phagosome (modified from [42]).