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Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 675213, 23 pages
Review Article

Global Molecular Epidemiology of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii: An Atlas of the Molecular Types

Lab. Micologia Medica, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Pascal 36, 20133 Milano, Italy

Received 8 November 2012; Accepted 11 December 2012

Academic Editors: J. P. Fett, D. Liao, and A. Taylor-Robinson

Copyright © 2013 Massimo Cogliati. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [18 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Brendan Joseph McMullan, Tania Christine Sorrell, and Sharon Chih-Ann Chen, “Cryptococcus gattii infections: contemporary aspects of epidemiology, clinical manifestations and management of infection,” Future Microbiology, vol. 8, no. 12, pp. 1613–1631, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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  • Maria T. Illnait-Zaragozi, Gerardo F. Martinez-Machin, Carlos M. Fernandez-Andreu, Mayda R. Perurena-Lancha, Ferry Hagen, and Jacques F. Meis, “Cryptococcus and Cryptococcosis in Cuba. A minireview,” Mycoses, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 707–717, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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  • Roberta Iatta, Davide Immediato, Maria Rita Puttilli, Patrizia Danesi, Giuseppe Passantino, Antonio Parisi, Egidio Mallia, Domenico Otranto, and Claudia Cafarchia, “Cryptococcus neoformans in the respiratory tract of squirrels, Callosciurus finlaysonii (Rodentia, Sciuridae),” Medical Mycology, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 666–673, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Eliandro Reis Tavares, Caroline Souza Azevedo, Luciano Aparecido Panagio, Marsileni Pelisson, Phileno Pinge-Filho, Emerson José Venancio, Tânia Fraga Barros, Sueli Fumie Yamada-Ogatta, and Lucy Megumi Yamauchi, “ Accurate and sensitive real-time PCR assays using intergenic spacer 1 region to differentiate Cryptococcus gattii sensu lato and Cryptococcus neoformans sensu lato ,” Medical Mycology, pp. myv078, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Daniela Romão, Raquel Sabino, Cristina Veríssimo, Carla Viegas, Helena Barroso, Aida Duarte, Helena Solo-Gabriele, Nina Gunde-Cimerman, Monika Novak Babič, Tal Marom, and João Brandão, “Children and Sand Play: Screening of Potential Harmful Microorganisms in Sandboxes, Parks, and Beaches,” Current Fungal Infection Reports, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • A. P. Maduro, L. Gonçalves, J. Inácio, N. C. G. Faria, M. L. Martins, and F. R. R. Teles, “HIV/AIDS-Associated Cryptococcosis in Portugal Spanning the Pre- to Post-HAART Era: A Retrospective Assessment at the Genotypic Level Based on URA5-RFLP,” Current Microbiology, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Emeka I. Nweze, Fred A. Kechia, Uju E. Dibua, Charles Eze, and Uwakwe S. Onoja, “ISOLATION OF Cryptococcus neoformans FROM ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES COLLECTED IN SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA,” Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De Sao Paulo, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 295–298, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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  • Gloria M. González, Néstor Casillas-Vega, Elvira Garza-González, Romel Hernández-Bello, Gildardo Rivera, Jesús Ancer Rodríguez, and Virgilio Bocanegra-Garcia, “Molecular typing of clinical isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans/Cryptococcus gattii species complex from Northeast Mexico,” Folia Microbiologica, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Shayanki Lahiri Mukhopadhyay, Mukesh Kumar, Nagarathna Siddaiah, Veena Kumari H. Bahubali, Rose Dawn Bharath, Yasha T. Chickabasaviah, and Prabhu A.R. Raj, “Cerebellar cryptococcoma due to Cryptococcus gattii VGI; a rare and first report from India,” JMM Case Reports, vol. 2, no. 3, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Bernardina Penarrieta Morales, Luciana Trilles, Alvaro Luiz Bertho, Ivan Neves Junior, Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de Oliveira, Bodo Wanke, and Marcia dos Santos Lazera, “In vitro susceptibility testing of amphotericin B for Cryptococcus neoformans variety grubii AFLP1/VNI and Cryptococcus gattii AFLP6/VGII by CLSI and ,” Mycoses, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 273–279, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Si-Ying Wu, Yao Lei, Mei Kang, Yu-Ling Xiao, and Zhi-Xing Chen, “ Molecular characterisation of clinical Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii isolates from Sichuan province, China ,” Mycoses, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Ferry Hagen, Kantarawee Khayhan, Bart Theelen, Anna Kolecka, Itzhack Polacheck, Edward Sionov, Rama Falk, Sittiporn Parnmen, H. Thorsten Lumbsch, and Teun Boekhout, “Recognition of seven species in the Cryptococcus gattii/Cryptococcus neoformans species complex,” Fungal Genetics and Biology, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar