Table 1: Genotype nomenclature adopted by the main molecular typing techniques and correspondence to standard nomenclature.

Species/varietyStandard
nomenclature
PCR-fingerprinting M13 [15]PCR-fingerprinting (GACA)4[155]AFLP
[11]
MLST
[14, 53]
Reference strains

C. neoformans  
var. grubii
VNIVNIVN6AFLP1VNIATCC MYA-4564 [15]
VNIIVNIIVN6AFLP1A or AFLP1BVNIIATCC MYA-4565 [15]
VNBVNI or VNIIVN6AFLP1A or AFLP1BVNBbt1, bt131, bt100 [53]
C. neoformans  
var. neoformans
VNIVVNIVVN1AFLP2ATCC MYA-4567 [15]
Inter-varietal
AD hybrids
VNIIIVNIIIVN3 or VN4AFLP3ATCC 32045 [168]
C. gattii VGIVGIAFLP4VGIATCC MYA-4560 [64]
VGIIVGIIAFLP6VGIIATCC MYA-4561 [64]
VGIIIVGIIIAFLP5VGIIIATCC MYA-4562 [64]
VGIVVGIVAFLP7VGIVATCC MYA-4563 [64]
Inter-species
hybrids
VNI/VGIVNI/VGIAFLP9CBS 10496 [122]
VNIV/VGIVNIV/VGIAFLP8CBS 10488 [122]
VNI/VGIIVNI/VGIIWM 05-272 [29]

ATCC: American Type Culture Collection (http://www.atcc.org/); CBS: Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures (http://www.cbs.knaw.nl/); WM: Westmead Millennium Institute, Sydney, Australia; bt: isolate from Botswana.