Table 3: Risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the association of SGA and LGA with dietary pattern indices.

SGA LGA
Estimate (95% CI)Estimate (95% CI)

Model with AHEI-P a
(number of obs. used)755775
AHEI-P
 T2 (53–62) versus T1 (33–52) 0.73 (0.41, 1.31)0.74 (0.43, 1.26)
 T3 (63–98) versus T1 (33–52) 0.93 (0.49, 1.75)0.92 (0.50, 1.69)
Maternal age0.95 (0.90, 1.01)0.99 (0.96, 1.03)
Nonwhite versus White3.16 (1.97, 5.06)0.43 (0.16, 1.15)
Education
 Some college versus ≤HS1.29 (0.68, 2.43)1.15 (0.61, 2.20)
 Associate or BA versus ≤HS0.71 (0.30, 1.68)1.62 (0.81, 3.23)
 Master or more versus ≤HS1.03 (0.35, 3.08)1.39 (0.57, 3.37)
Poverty index ratio
  (185 to 350%) versus (<185%)1.16 (0.63, 2.12)1.18 (0.70, 1.97)
  (≥350%) versus (<185%)1.83 (0.91, 3.65)0.89 (0.45, 1.73)
Smoked, yes versus no2.92 (1.58, 5.39)0.76 (0.29, 1.97)
Alcohol, g0.97 (0.82, 1.15)0.47 (0.10, 2.13)
Total energy1.00 (1.00, 1.00)1.00 (1.00, 1.00)
Prepregnancy BMI, kg/m20.98 (0.94, 1.02)1.06 (1.03, 1.09)
Model with aMED a
T2 (4-5) versus T1 (0–3)0.75 (0.44, 1.29)0.71 (0.44, 1.14)
T3 (6–8) versus T1 (0–3)0.94 (0.48, 1.81)0.71 (0.37, 1.35)
Model with GI a
T1 (35–48) versus T3 (52–63)0.86 (0.49, 1.49)1.03 (0.60, 1.75)
T2 (49–51) versus T3 (52–63)0.87 (0.50, 1.50)1.26 (0.77, 2.08)
Model with GL a
T1 (38–107) versus T3 (153–520)0.92 (0.35, 2.40)1.18 (0.50, 2.78)
T2 (108–152) versus T3 (153–520)1.13 (0.53, 2.37)1.10 (0.56, 2.17)

Adjusted for total energy intake, race, education, age, poverty index ratio, smoking, alcohol, and pre-pregnancy BMI.