Table 4: Mean differences in birth weight, weight-for-length (WFL), and change in WFL z-scores per unit increase in dietary pattern indices.

BirthweightaBirth WFLaChange in WFL at 4–6 monthsb
Estimate (95% CI)Estimate (95% CI)Estimate (95% CI)

(number of obs. used)815815426
AHEI-P0.002 (−0.003, 0.008)0.005 (−0.004, 0.013)0.009 (−0.004, 0.023)
aMED −0.003 (−0.036, 0.031)0.03 (−0.03, 0.08)0.06 (−0.03, 0.14)
GI −0.015 (−0.031, 0.001) −0.02 (−0.04, 0.01) −0.01 (−0.04, 0.03)
GL −0.002 (−0.004, 0.001)0.0004 (−0.0028, 0.0036) −0.003 (−0.009, 0.002)

Adjusted for total energy intake, race, education, age, poverty index ratio, smoking, alcohol, pre-pregnancy BMI, and gestational age; balso adjusted for birth WFL.