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Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 172168, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/172168
Review Article

Pediatric Stroke: Clinical Findings and Radiological Approach

Department of Neuroradiology, S.Salvatore Hospital, University of L'Aquila, Via Vetoio, Coppito, 67100 L'Aquila, Italy

Received 13 September 2010; Accepted 16 February 2011

Academic Editor: Halvor Naess

Copyright © 2011 Giuseppe Lanni et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper focuses on radiological approach in pediatric stroke including both ischemic stroke (Arterial Ischemic Stroke and Cerebral Sinovenous Thrombosis) and hemorrhagic stroke. Etiopathology and main clinical findings are examined as well. Magnetic Resonance Imaging could be considered as the first-choice diagnostic exam, offering a complete diagnostic set of information both in the discrimination between ischemic/hemorrhagic stroke and in the identification of underlying causes. In addition, Magnetic Resonance vascular techniques supply further information about cerebral arterial and venous circulation. Computed Tomography, for its limits and radiation exposure, should be used only when Magnetic Resonance is not available and on unstable patients.