- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Stroke Research and Treatment
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 183256, 8 pages
Comparison between Ischemic Stroke Patients <50 Years and ≥50 Years Admitted to a Single Centre: The Bergen Stroke Study
1Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, N-5021 Bergen, Norway
2Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, N-5020 Bergen, Norway
Received 15 September 2010; Revised 1 December 2010; Accepted 23 December 2010
Academic Editor: Turgut Tatlisumak
Copyright © 2011 Annette Fromm et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- C. L. Chang, M. Donaghy, and N. Poulter, “Migraine and stroke in young women: case-control study. The World Health Organisation collaborative study of cardiovascular disease and steroid hormone contraception,” British Medical Journal, vol. 318, no. 7175, pp. 13–18, 1999.
- H. Bevan, K. Sharma, and W. Bradley, “Stroke in young adults,” Stroke, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 382–386, 1990.
- H. P. Adams Jr., L. J. Kappelle, J. Biller et al., “Ischemic stroke in young adults: experience in 329 patients enrolled in the Iowa Registry of Stroke in young adults,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 491–495, 1995.
- B. Kristensen, J. Malm, B. Carlberg et al., “Epidemiology and etiology of ischemic stroke in young adults aged 18 to 44 years in Northern Sweden,” Stroke, vol. 28, no. 9, pp. 1702–1709, 1997.
- H. P. Adams, M. J. Butler, J. Biller, and G. J. Toffol, “Nonhemorrhagic cerebral infarction in young adults,” Archives of Neurology, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 793–796, 1986.
- H. Naess, H. I. Nyland, L. Thomassen, J. Aarseth, and K. M. Myhr, “Etiology of and risk factors for cerebral infarction in young adults in western Norway: a population-based case-control study,” European Journal of Neurology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 2004.
- J. Putaala, A. J. Metso, T. M. Metso et al., “Analysis of 1008 consecutive patients aged 15 to 49 with first-ever ischemic stroke the Helsinki young stroke registry,” Stroke, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 1195–1203, 2009.
- P. Cerrato, M. Grasso, D. Imperiale et al., “Stroke in young patients: etiopathogenesis and risk factors in different age classes,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 154–159, 2004.
- C. J. Johnson, S. J. Kittner, R. J. McCarter et al., “Interrater reliability of an etiologic classification of ischemic stroke,” Stroke, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 46–51, 1995.
- H. P. Adams Jr., B. H. Bendixen, L. J. Kappelle et al., “Classification of subtype of acute ischemic stroke. Definitions for use in a multicenter clinical trial. TOAST. Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment,” Stroke, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 35–41, 1993.
- P. A. G. Sandercock, C. P. Warlow, and S. M. Price, “Incidence of stroke in Oxfordshire: first year's experience of a community stroke register. Oxfordshire community stroke project,” British Medical Journal, vol. 287, no. 6394, pp. 713–717, 1983.
- H. Naess, H. I. Nyland, L. Thomassen, J. Aarseth, G. Nyland, and K. M. Myhr, “Incidence and short-term outcome of cerebral infarction in young adults in Western Norway,” Stroke, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 2105–2108, 2002.
- SSB, “Nordmenns røykevaner,” 2010, http://www.ssb.no/emner/03/01/royk/index.html.
- S. M. Schwartz, D. S. Siscovick, W. T. Longstreth et al., “Use of low-dose oral contraceptives and stroke in young women,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 127, no. 8 I, pp. 596–603, 1997.
- K. Kroenke and R. L. Spitzer, “Gender differences in the reporting of physical and somatoform symptoms,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 150–155, 1998.
- M. Reuber, S. Howlett, A. Khan, and R. A. Grünewald, “Non-epileptic seizures and other functional neurological symptoms: predisposing, precipitating, and perpetuating factors,” Psychosomatics, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 230–238, 2007.
- J. Bogousslavsky and P. Pierre, “Ischemic stroke in patients under age 45,” Neurologic Clinics, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 113–124, 1992.
- K. Nedeltchev, T. A. Der Maur, D. Georgiadis et al., “Ischaemic stroke in young adults: predictors of outcome and recurrence,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 191–195, 2005.
- T. H. Lee, W. C. Hsu, C. J. Chen, and S. T. Chen, “Etiologic study of young ischemic stroke in Taiwan,” Stroke, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1950–1955, 2002.
- S. J. Kittner, B. J. Stern, M. Wozniak et al., “Cerebral infarction in young adults: the Baltimore-Washington cooperative young stroke study,” Neurology, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 890–894, 1998.
- M. Rasura, A. Spalloni, M. Ferrari et al., “A case series of young stroke in Rome,” European Journal of Neurology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 146–152, 2006.
- N. Futrell, “Lacumar infarction: embolism is the key,” Stroke, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1778–1779, 2004.
- B. Norrving, “Lacunar infarction: embolism is the key: against,” Stroke, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1779–1780, 2004.
- S. M. Davis and G. A. Donnan, “Why lacunar syndromes are different and important,” Stroke, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1780–1781, 2004.
- J. F. Varona, J. M. Guerra, F. Bermejo, J. A. Molina, and A. Gomez De La Cámara, “Causes of ischemic stroke in young adults, and evolution of the etiological diagnosis over the long term,” European Neurology, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 212–218, 2007.
- P. L. Kolominsky-Rabas, M. Weber, O. Gefeller, B. Neundoerfer, and P. U. Heuschmann, “Epidemiology of ischemic stroke subtypes according to TOAST criteria: incidence, recurrence, and long-term survival in ischemic stroke subtypes: a population-based study,” Stroke, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 2735–2740, 2001.
- D. Leys, L. Bandu, H. Hénon et al., “Clinical outcome in 287 consecutive young adults (15 to 45 years) with ischemic stroke,” Neurology, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 26–33, 2002.
- P. A. Lyrer, F. Fluri, M. Gostynski et al., “Stroke severity, its correlates and impact on thrombolysis in a population-based study,” European Neurology, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 231–236, 2009.