Table 2: Characteristics of cerebral infarction in young and old patients.

Young patients ( 𝑛 = 1 0 0 )Old patients ( 𝑛 = 1 1 1 7 )P

Classification
LACS20 (20.2)281 (25.2).33
TACS17 (17.2)184 (16.5)
PACS38 (38.4)458 (41.0)
POCS24 (24.2)193 (17.3)

Parameters on admission
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)155168<.001
Body temperature (centigrade)36.836.6.47
Serum glucose (mmol/L)6.56.8.26

Scores
On admission
NIHSS5.76.3.45
 At day 7
NIHSS4.44.9.50
mRS 0–270 (70.0)677 (60.6).11
mRS 3–526 (26.0)408 (36.5)
mRS 64 (4.0)32 (2.9)
Barthel Index (mean)86.978.1.01

Complications
Nasogastric feeding6 (6.0)132 (11.8).10
Pneumonia2 (2.0)118 (10.6).003
Urinary tract infection2 (2.0)163 (14.6)<.001
Seizures4 (4.0)40 (3.6).78

Etiology
Large-artery atherosclerosis3 (3.0)139 (12.4).003
Cardiac embolism21 (21.0)328 (29.4).08
Small vessel disease14 (14.0)170 (15.2).88
Other causes23 (23.0)10 (0.9)<.001
Unknown39 (39.0)468 (41.9).4

Data are expressed as mean or n (%).
NIHSS, The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale; LACS, lacunar stroke syndrome; TACS, total anterior circulation stroke syndrome; PACS, partial anterior circulation stroke syndrome; POCS, posterior circulation stroke syndrome; mRS, modified Rankin Scale.