Table 1: Causes of stroke in young-Ischemic.

CardioembolicVasculitisOthers
CommonLess commonCommonLess commonCommonLess common

Rheumatic heart diseasePatent foramen ovaleInfectionsPolyarteritis nodosaAtheroscler otic vascular diseaseMELAS
Prosthetic valveMyxoma and other tumorsAntiphospholipid antibody syndrome [7, 8]Takayasu’s arteritisArterial dissectionProthrombotic states
Atrial fibrillationAcute myocardial infarctionSystemic lupus erythematosusWegener’s granulomatosisSickle cell disorder
Bacterial endocarditisMitral valve prolapsedProtein C/S deficiency [9]
Atrial and ventricular septal defectsFibromuscular dysplasia [10]
Polycythemia vera
Antithrombin III deficiency [11]
Paroxysmal
Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria
CADASIL and CARASIL [12]
Fabry’s disease
Familial hypercholesterolemia [13]
Thrombophilia [14]
Hyperhomocytienemia [15]
Migraine [16]
Hyperthyroidism [17]